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The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of
International IDEA and can in no way be taken to reflect the
views of the European Union.

counting and tabulation of results. • Observe inside the polling station (after reporting to and following the dutiful instructions of the Presiding Officer). Domestic Election Observers Do’s and Don’ts The Union Election Commission has released guidelines for Domestic Election Observers to outline their legal rights. • Observe and access information about electoral activities. duties and Code of Conduct in the elections. • Use electronic equipment to record the electoral process except inside a polling station. • Observe advance voting. and 1 . Domestic Election Observers are advised to carry this document with them as a reference during the observation work. Accredited Domestic Election Observers have the right to: • Legal protection and security of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. voting.

• Respect the role. • Not show any support or opposition to a 2 . • Observe objectively and without bias. Accredited Election Observers have the duty to: • Respect and acknowledge the sovereignty of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and to follow the laws and bylaws. • Respect local customs and culture. duty.• Inform the relevant Election Sub- commission if unlawful conducts in election are discovered. rank. and authority of electoral officials. • Display the Observer Identification card allocated by the UEC or its Sub- Commission throughout observation. • Maintain strict political impartiality in the course of their duties at each phase of the observation process. and • Abide by the Observer Code of Conduct. Election Observers should: • Be non-partisan and impartial free of individual bias.

political party or a candidate. • Cooperate with other observers. • Be trained by their observation organization about the Observer Code of Conduct. • Disturb or interfere in secrecy of the vote. • Conduct any activity that can influence the duties and rights of electoral officials and voters. • Submit accurate and honest reports. 3 . and the election laws. accessible and secure voting for people with disabilities. counting. and • Follow lawful instructions of presiding officers of polling stations in order to protect secrecy of the vote. including wearing any clothes or signs. regulations and procedures. announcement of results or the electoral disputes process. • Carry weapons or explosive materials. voting. Election Observers should not: • Ask for whom a voter has cast a vote within 15 yards of the polling station in order to maintain secrecy of the vote. • Perform duties honestly and responsibility.

• Ensure the accuracy of electoral information submitted by the observation organization. 4 . On Behalf of Observers. • Inform the Union Election Commission and respective Election Sub-commissions depending on the location of observation. and • Submit the final report of electoral observation to Union Election Commission or respective Election Sub-commissions.• Make statements to the media about the election unless authorized to do so by their observation organization. Accredited Election Observation Organizations have the duty to: • Facilitate the obtaining of identification cards for their observers.

Global Best Practices in Non-Partisan Citizen Election Observation and practical tips for Domestic Election Observers The following guidance was prepared by the National Democratic Institute (NDI)- Myanmar. they began to identify common best practices. As observation organizations gained experience over many elections. Global Best Practices in Non-Partisan Citizen Election Observation Based on The Declaration of Global Principles for Non-partisan Election Observation initiated by the Global Network of Domestic Election Monitors (GNDEM) Non-partisan election observation has been practiced by millions of citizens around the world for more than 30 years. election observers from around the world came together at the United Nations to 5 . In 2012. ethics and standards that made their work more effective.

Election 6 . It provides the public with important information concerning the integrity of elections. The Contribution of Citizen Observation Around the world. over 260 organizations from around the world (including Myanmar) have endorsed and promised to abide by the Global Principles. as well as recommendations for improving the process in the future. The Role of the Non-partisan Citizen Election Observers Election observers play an important role to provide independent. Today. Importantly. non-partisan citizen election observation helps to raise public confidence and promote the integrity of elections.agree to common standards and launch the Global Principles for Non-partisan Election Observation. Below are highlights of those global standards for election observers. Election observation can help to deter irregularities and electoral manipulation. non-partisan and impartial scrutiny of the election. it provides citizens an important avenue to take part in their electoral processes.

election observers should maintain strict impartiality in the course of their duties and remain independent from political parties and candidates in the elections. observers should not interfere in the work of election commissions to implement the election process. In order to remain independent in their judgment of elections. Global Best Practices for Election Observation Organizations • Maintain independence from political parties and from the government • Design and use good methodology that will show an accurate picture of the election (including checklists used by observers and tools to collect and analyze their findings) • Cooperate with other non-partisan election observation organizations • Train all observer volunteers on Codes of Conduct. methodology and election 7 .observers should work for the rights of all citizens to participate in the elections. In order to remain non-partisan.

acknowledge positives as well as negative of the process. regulations before they begin their duties • Report findings that are impartial and accurate. and based on facts observed not on opinions Global Standards for Election Observers • Maintain strict non-partisanship • Promote nonviolence • Respect the law and rights of citizens to vote and to be elected • Recognize the role of the election authorities at all levels and not interfere in their work • Safeguard the rights of all voters to have a secret ballot and to participate in the elections • Safeguard the rights of all political parties and candidates to participate in the elections • Provide impartial and accurate reports about the positives and the negatives observed in the elections 8 .

merin-online. best practice guidance and tools. uploads/2015/09/GNDEM-Burmese1. For more To see the entire Global Principles for Non-partisan Election Observation in Myanmar language please see: http:// www. pdf 9 . please visit www.

 Be sure to study materials provided by your organization. food.  Bring a mobile phone or have a plan how to contact your organization if necessary. and the observer code of conduct. note book.Practical Tips for Observers Before Election Day:  Be sure you know how to contact your observer organization if you have any questions or problems on Election Day. possibly including an observation checklist.  Introduce yourself to polling officials at the polling station.  Remain aware of possible security problems.  Bring your observer materials. observer manual. as well as the situation around the polling station. 10 . and water. pens. On Election Day:  Bring your identification card.  Stay alert to the process in the polling station.

 Remember to abide by the Code of Conduct and remain neutral throughout Election Day. 11 .  Share your findings with your organization according to their instructions.  Asia Network for Free Elections (ANFREL)’s Myanmar page:  International Republican Institute (IRI)’s Myanmar content list: www. uecmyanmar.  National Democratic Institute (NDI)’s Myanmar page: www. org/country/burma  International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES)’ Myanmar page: www. Useful Resources for Election Observers The following websites propose resources about Myanmar electoral system which can useful to Domestic International Observers:  International IDEA’s Myanmar page: www. myanmar  Union Election Commission:  IDEA’s English Myanmar Glossary 12 .iri.

info 13 .merin- online.  Myanmar Electoral Resource and Information Network:  Myanmar Information Management Unit (for detailed maps of Myanmar): www. of Democratic Terms: www.

1/2015 The 15th Tabaung Wanning. CODE OF CONDUCT FOR DOMESTIC ELECTION OBSERVERS The Union of the Republic of Myanmar Union Election Commission Nay Pyi Taw Notification No. The Union Election Commission is using the authority being granted by this law in order for the election observers to observe Hluttaw Elections. 1376 M. (19th March 2015) Issuance of Code of Conduct for Domestic Election Observers In accordance with the Election Law. Session (90). 14 . the following rules are announced.E.

4. Election Observers must respect the sovereignty of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and the fundamental rights and responsibilities of its citizens. symbols or marks that can generate such impression. 6. Election Observers must respect the laws of the Union of Myanmar and Bylaws and Instructions issued by the Union Election Commission. Election Observers shall not conduct any behavior and speech that can generate the impression of supporting. Within 15 yards of the area of the polling station. 5. Election Observers. 3.Code of Conduct for Domestic Election Observers 1. Election Observers shall not wear or hold any cloth. Election observers must conduct their functions in non-partisan and impersonal ways. are not 15 . 2. Election observers shall adhere to neutrality. objection and campaign for either a political party or a candidate. in order to maintain the secrecy of the vote.

the electoral laws and regulations. Election Observers shall display the ID cards issued by Union Election Commission and respective Election Sub-commission throughout their election observation. 8. 7. The Election Observation Organizations have the responsibilities to educate and conduct trainings to their members on the Code of Conduct. allowed to ask any voter who has cast the vote regarding which candidate he/ she has cast their vote for. The responsible persons and supervisors of the election observers have the duty to attend the occasional events held by Union Election Commission or respective Election Sub-commissions to present the instructions and information. 9. 10. and the convenience for 16 . Only the spokespersons of the Election Observation Organizations shall make statements regarding the election observation activities. 11. Election Observers shall respect the region and ethnic culture.

17. 13. 12. Election Observers shall submit their reports correctly and honestly. differently abled persons to cast their votes secretly. 14. vote-counting and the announcement of the results. 18. Election Observers are prohibited from carrying any weapon or explosive material while they are conducting the election observation activities. 17 . 15.. Election Observers shall not involve in voting. Election observers can give special consideration to cooperation and information sharing with other Election Observers. Election Observers shall not intervene in decision making of electoral officials over electoral disputes. Election Observers shall perform their duties with full of good-will and transparency. 16. Election Observers shall not conduct any act that will have influence upon the duties and rights of electoral management bodies and voters..

19. In order not to disturb the secret voting system in the polling station. Chairman Union Election Commission 18 . Election Observers shall follow the conduct of presiding officer in accordance with his/ her duty.

Note .