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# Averages and range

## AVERAGES and RANGE

The average gives the centre or typical value of a set of data
There are 3 types of average - MODE, MEDIAN and MEAN.
You must remember all three

## MODE (or modal value) = Most common value

The mode is the value which occurs the most.
There may be more than one mode or no mode at all.

than any other

## MEDIAN = Middle value once the data is sorted in order of size

If two numbers are left in the middle then the median will be
half way between them.

## 3,7,2,5,2 = 2,2,3,5,7 Median = 3

20 + 36 = 56
56/2 = 28
5,8,6,9,3,1 = 1,3,5,6,8,9 Median = 5.5

## MEAN has to be calculated: Mean is found by adding all the

data then dividing by the number of numbers
The mean can be affected by extreme values

24 10
7,6,2,9 Mean = =6 1,0,1,5,3 Mean = =2
4 5

120
8,12,15,85 Mean = = 30 85 is an extreme value. It has
4
pulled the mean upwards

## © www.teachitmaths.co.uk 2016 26894 Page 1 of 2

Averages and range

## AVERAGES and RANGE

The RANGE is used to help compare different sets of data.
It is usually used along with one of the averages.

## RANGE = Largest – smallest The difference between

The range is a measure of spread. the largest and smallest
It shows how spread out the data is.
Data with the
4,7,8,3,5,4,5,1 Range = 8 – 1 = 7 smallest range is
said to be more
3,3,5,7,3,4,2,4 Range = 7 – 2 = 5 consistent

Comparing Data

## The team manager needs to choose between Colin and James to

play in the next match. Their recent scores are shown below.
Use an average
Colin: 2,0,1,1,0,5 Brian: 1,1,3,1 and the range
𝟗 𝟔
Colin’s mean = = 1.5 Brian’s mean = = 1.5
𝟔 𝟒
Colin’s range = 5 – 0 = 5 Colin’s range = 3 – 1 = 2
Both means are the same but Colin has a smaller range so he is
more consistent. Select Colin.

## We sometimes have to choose an appropriate average

The MODE gives which value is likely to occur.
The MEAN takes every value into account, so it can be
affected by extreme high or low values.
The MEDIAN tells us the middle value.
Half the data is above and half is below the median. The
median is not affected by extreme values.