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STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

TEAM MEMBERS:
• Bartolini Díaz , Vanina
• Chavarry Delgado, Rovyra
• García Vásquez, Daniela
• Quiroz Olguin, Mariajosé
Mouth

▶ Is the beginning
of the digestive
tract.

▶ Digestion starts
here when
taking the first
bite of food.
Esophagus
▶ Located in your
throat near your
trachea.
▶ Receives food from
your mouth when
you swalow. you
swallow
Stomach

▶ Is a hollow organ
▶ Cells in the lining of
the stomach
secrete a strong
acid and powerful
enzymes that are
responsable for the
breakdown process
Pancreas

▶ Secrets digestive
enzymes into the
duodenum.

▶ The páncreas also


makes insulin
hormone for
metabolizing sugar.
Small intestine
▶ The small intestine or small
bowel is the part of the GI
tract between
the stomach and the large
intestine.

▶ It has three distinct


regions:
the duodenum, jejunum,
and ileum.
Liver

▶ Its main function within


the digestive sistema
is to process the
nutrients absorbed
from de intestine.
▶ The liver es the
chemical “ Factory”.
Galbladder

▶ The galbladder
stores ande
concentrates bile.
▶ Then releases it into
the duodenum to
help absorb and
digest.
Colon

▶ Is a 6- foot long
muscular tube.
▶ It’s made up of the
cecum, the
ascending, the
tranverse and the
descending colon.
Rectum
▶ It’ s an 8 inch chamber
that conects the colon
to the anus.
▶ The rectum’s job is to
recieve stool from de
colon.
▶ When anything ( gas or
stool) comes into the
rectum, its sensors send
a message to the brain.
Anus
▶ Is the last part of the
digestive tract.
▶ It is 2 inch long canal
consists of the pelvic floor
muscles and two
sphincters.
▶ The lining of the upper
anus is specialized to
detect rectal contents.