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cwOGRAM BILL #7 Legislative Bill Drafting commission 12037-01-9 Senate IN SENATZ--Introduced by Sen srread twice and ordered printed, and when printed to be committed to the Connittes on ceseesss AL Assembly IN ASSENBLY--Introduced by M. of A. with M. of A. as co-sponsors --read once and referred to the Committee on ‘+ENVCONLA* (Relates to the New York state climate leadership and community protection act) En Con L. NYS climate protection AN ACT to amend the environmental conserve tion law, the public service lew, the public authorities law, the labor law and the community risk and resiliency act, in relation to establishing the New York state climate leadership and community protection act le of the sti york, x pate al Agsenbly. do enact as follows: IN SENAT! 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Legislative findings and declaration. the legislature here: by enacts the *New York state climate leadership and community protection act" and finds and declares that: 1. Climate change ie adversely affecting economic well-being, public health, natural resources, and the environnent of New York. The adverse impacts of climate change include: a, an increase in the severity and frequency of extreme weather events, such as storms, flooding, and heat waves, which can cause direct injury or death, property damage, and ecological damage (e.g., through the release of hazardous substances into the environment); b. rising sea levels, which exacerbate damage fron storm surges and flooding, contribute to coastal erosion and saltwater intrusion, and inundate low-lying areas, leading to the displacement of or damage to coastal habitat, property, and infrastructure: c. a decline in freshwater and saltwater fish populations; 4. increased average temperatures, which increase the denand for air conditioning and refrigeration azong residents and businesses; fe. exacerbation of air pollution; and f. an increase in the incidences of infectious diseases, asthna attacks, heart attacks, and other negative health outcomes. These impacts are having a detrimental effect on some of New York's largest industries, including agriculture, comercial shipping, forestry, tour- jem, and recreational and commercial fishing. These impacts also place ‘additional strain on the physical infrastructure that delivers critical services to the citizens of New York, including the state's energy, transportation, stormwater, and wastewater infrastructure. 2. a. the severity of current climate change and the threat of addi- tional and more severe change will be affected by the actions undertaken 10 an 12 a3 ua 45 16 a7 18 as 20 a 22 23 24 25 26 a7 28 06/10/19 3 12037-02-9 by New York and other jurisdictions to reduce greenhouse gas enissions According to the U.S, Global change Research Progran (USGCRP) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), substantial reductions in greenhouse gas emissions will be required by mid-century in order to Limit global warming to no nore than 2*C and ideally 1.5%c, and thus mininize the risk of severe impacts from climate change. specifically, industrialized countries must reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80% below 1990 levels by 2050 in order to stabilize carbon dioxide equivalent concentrations at 450 parts per aillion--the level required to stay within the 2°C target. b. On Decenber 12, 2015, one hundred ninety-five countries at the 21st conference of the parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change adopted an agreement addressing greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance starting in the year 2020, known as the Paris agreement. the Faris Agreenent was adopted on November 4, 2016, and is the largest concerted global effort to conbat climate change to date. 3. Action undertaken by New York to reduce greenhouse emissions will have an impact on global greenhouse gas emissions and the rate of clinate change. In addition, such action will encourage other jurisaic- tions to implenent complementary greenhouse gas reduction strategies and provide an example of how such strategies can be implemented. Tt will also advance the development of green technologies and sustainable prac- tices within the private sector, which can have far-reaching impacts such as a reduction in the cost of renewable energy components, and the creation of jobs and tax revenues in New York 4, Te shall therefore be a goal of the state of New York to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from all anthropogenic sources 100% over 1990