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POLLUTION REDUCTION IN SELANGOR &

KLANG RIVER SYSTEM

NORFAEZAH SHAMSUDDIN
Engineer
SELANGOR WATERS MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY
(SWMA)/
LEMBAGA URUS AIR SELANGOR (LUAS)

EAS CONGRESS 2009, MANILA


25th NOVEMBER 2009
Area : 7, 955 km2
Population : 4 million
Districts : Gombak, Hulu Selangor,
Kuala Selangor, Kuala Langat, Hulu
Langat, Sabak Bernam, Klang, Peninsular of Malaysia
Petaling, Sepang.
CONTENTS :
 Background of SWMA
 Pollutions in Selangor & Klang River
 Impact of pollutions
 Approaches
 Linkaging and Harmonizing between river
and coastal management
 Conclusion
BACKGROUND OF SWMA

 Selangor Waters Management Authority or its


acronym, SWMA/LUAS is a one-stop agency
for the management of water resources, river
basin, water bodies, ground water and
coastal waters in the State of Selangor.
 It was established under the Selangor Waters
Management Authority Enactment 1999
pursuant to the approval of the Selangor
State Legislative Assembly on 9 April 1999.
SWMA OBJECTIVES
 To ensure the water resources and environmental surrounding
is in a manageable and sustainable condition

 To undertake the function of planning, research, facilitator,


coordinator, operation, enforcement, supervision in the
development of an the integrated management of water
resources and environment

 To provide an environment that is conducive for public and


private sector participation in the development, utilization and
management of water resources

 To create the public awareness and the participation of the


public on the importance of water resources
WATER RESOURCES IN SELANGOR
 rivers and coastal waters
 ground waters
 lakes and ponds (alternative resources)
PERAK

SG BERNAM

SG TENGI

PAHANG
SG SELANGOR
SE

SG BULOH
LA
T

KUALA
ME

LUMPUR
LA

SG KLANG
KA

SG LANGAT PUTRAJAYA

NEGERI
SEMBILAN

SG SEPANG

RIVER BASINS MAP IN SELANGOR , RIVER ACROSS BORDER AND BETWEEN BORDER IN SELANGOR
7
WITH OTHER STATES
STATE’S COASTAL
OIL SPILL

OIL SPILL

EARTHWORK

POLLUTIONS
LOGGING
AQUACULTURE

RECREATION

INDUSTRIES NAVIGATION
MINING

SAND MINING
SOLID WASTE

POLLUTIONS

SQUATTERS
LIVE STOCK

AGRICULTURE

SOIL EROSION STP’S


WATER
POLLUTION
SOURCES
ENVIRONMENT

IMPACTS OF
POLLUTION

ECONOMY OTHERS
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
 Solid waste in rivers causes deterioration in the water
quality .
 River sand mining occur:
a. a) increasing sedimentation and water pollution
downstream
b) degradation of riverbed
c) riverbank and riparian vegetation
d) changes in hydraulic profile

RIPARIAN RIVERBED
SEDIMENTATION
VEGETATION DEGRADATION
ECONOMY IMPACTS
 Solid waste can reduce aesthetic value especially for
recreation and tourism
 Cleaning and restoration is much more expensive than
applying measures of prevention
 Polluted water would also cause depletion of aquatic life
and subsequently create a potential loss of fisheries and
aquaculture business and recreational fishing

LOSS OF
TOURISM RECREATION
FISHERIES
OTHER IMPACTS
 Water pollution can cause water borne diseases such as:
1) Arsenicosis;
2) Cholera and
3) Leptospirosisis.
WATER BORNE
DISEASE
 Water disruption may also happen because of pollution in
the water bodies.

WATER
DISRUPTION
ESTABLISHMENT OF
PLANNING &
DEVELOPMENT
UNIT
IRBM

APPROACHES

RAW WATER
INLAND ABSTRACTION
NAVIGATION WRITTEN LICENSING
LICENSING
APPROVAL
QUA-QUA INTEGRATED
ENFORCEMENT

APPROACHES

INTEGRATION
MANAGEMENT PUBLIC
BETWEEN RIVER AWARENESS
AND COASTAL RIVER BASIN TASK
FORCE
THEMECHANISM
THE MECHANISMOFOF
POLLUTIONMONITORING
POLLUTION MONITORINGPROGRAM
PROGRAM
ININLUAS
LUAS

IDENTIFYTHE
IDENTIFY THEPOLLUTION
POLLUTIONSOURCES/
SOURCES/ StateGovernment
State GovernmentMeeting
MeetingCouncil
Council
COMPLAINT
COMPLAINT (MMKN)
(MMKN)

StateEconomic
State EconomicAction
ActionCouncil
Council
SITEVISIT
SITE VISIT (MTES)
(MTES)

SELANGORRIVER
SELANGOR RIVERPOLLUTION
POLLUTIONCONTROL
CONTROL PREPARINGTHE
PREPARING THEPROGRESS
PROGRESSREPORT
REPORT
TASKFORCE
TASK FORCE //MTES
MTESPAPER
PAPER//BOARD
BOARD
MEETING
MEETING

INTEGRATED ACTION
INTEGRATED ACTIONBY
BY SELANGOR RIVER
SELANGOR RIVERBASIN
BASIN
ALLRELEVANT
ALL RELEVANTAGENCIES
AGENCIES MANAGEMENTCOMMITTEE
MANAGEMENT COMMITTEEMEETING
MEETING
LINKAGING AND HARMONIZING BETWEEN RIVER AND COASTAL MANAGEMENT
• Malaysian river basins and coastal zones are the most productive ecosystem in the country :
1) houses majority of the population (human & natural activities)
2) represents a unique environment – requires special attention in its
planning, development and management
• IRBM and ICM had been treated as a separate entity previously.
• Unplanned and uncoordinated development of river basin and coastal zone can lead to the
degradation of river and marine ecosystems health and this can be attributed to the
management of the land and coastal zone as a whole.
• The IRBM and the ICM are essentially deal with the integrated management of river basin
and coastal zone as a single interactive entity.
• Deals with the coordinated use and management of land and water resources and other
natural resources and activities within the river basin and coastal zone, to optimize the use of
these resources in a sustainable and productive manner.
THE ICM-IRBM PILOT DEMONSTRATION SITE :
• ICM Port Klang (joint program by PEMSEA-
IMO-UNDP-GEF/Selangor State Government) –
was selected for this study.
• Integrating the IRBM-ICM project boundary
resulted in an expanded boundary that covers
boundaries of IRBM of two major adjoining
upstream rivers, namely the Klang and Langat
Rivers.
• Klang River (area=1300 km2) passes through
Kuala Lumpur and Klang Valley whilst Langat
River (area=2400km2) drains the Langat Basin
and both river estuaries meet at the coastal
waters of ICM Port Klang.
THE INTEGRATION AND HARMONIZATION:
• The principle of integration and harmonization involves :

Establishing smart partnership Creating ‘win-win’ situation

Build shared objectives Resolving conflict by negotiation

Mediation and arbitration


Cont..
• The process requires synergy amongst different sectors (government, private, NGOs, civil
society etc), different government agencies (local authorities, land administrators, fisheries,
tourism, shipping, agriculture, etc), and different levels of government (Federal, State and
Local).
• Linkages also had to be established between:

LAND SEA POLICY SCIENCE

PRESENT FUTURE
GENERATIONS GENERATIONS
Cont..

• The urgent transitional step


is to harmonize economic development
with sustainable environmental management that includes uniting the
diverse multi-sectoral and multi-disciplinary set-ups; protection of the
environment, public safety and biodiversity; sustainable use of
resources and minimization of resource-use conflicts.
• Integration between the IRBM and ICM embodies all the above
principles.
• Harmonized legislative and institutional developments, funding
sources and mechanisms have been recognized as the basic requisite
tools for successful IRBM-ICM in the Malaysian context.
Example of linkaging and harmonizing between river and coastal in Selangor State:

INLAND NAVIGATION
FROM ESTUARIES UP JETTIES OPERATIONS
TO 40 KM TO THE IN LANGAT RIVER
UPSTREAMS

THESE ACTIVITIES NEED AN INTEGRATION MANAGEMENT BETWEEN DIFFERENT


GOVERNMENT AGENCIES INCLUDING SELANGOR WATERS MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY
(SWMA)
CONCLUSION
 Pollution can be reduced with Supported
and coordinated through;
 Organisation setup
 Legal aspect
 Political commitment
 Technical competence