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EnergyStorageSystemsin EmergingSmartGrid Applications

October22nd2009
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PresentationOutline
A123SystemsOverview OurChallenge SmartGridVision RenewableSources CriticalBusinessIssues EnergyStorageRequirements DigitalInterfaceandControls Conclusion

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A123SystemsEnergySolutionsGroup
Whoweare Whatwedo Grid/Stationarysystems
FrequencyRegulation SpinningReserve WindandPVRamping

Transportation
EV PHEV HEV

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ExampleofCurrentSmartGridProduct

Clip 1.mov

Clip 2.mov

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OurChallenge
EnablingenergyindependenceandCO2 reduction byreducingfossilfuelconsumptionand facilitatingmorerenewablesourcesonthegrid Enteringamarketwithgamechanging technology Marketisinastateofmajorchange/evolution (Regulatory,technologyandeconomic) Business:Costofthetechnologyhastoprovide valuetoenduser Dependingontheregion,energydemandisrising ataratebetween2.2%and4.9%eachyear Noclearunifiedstandards
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SmartGridVision
WhatisaSmartGrid?Whatdoesitdo? ThinkingaboutbuildingSmartGridsissimilarto sayingthatwearegoingtobuildtheinternet Opportunitiesexpandandtechnologymatures Currentinfrastructurelimitswhatiscurrently achievable Costofcapitalinvestmentrequireslongterm deploymentofsmartgridassets(The investmentneedstobecapitalizedoveralong periodoftime)

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SmartGridConcept,ElectricPowerResearch Institute

Source:EPRI
A123SystemsConfidentialInformationCopyright2008A123Systems,Inc.Allrightsreserved. DonotreproduceordistributeoutsideofA123Systemswithoutwrittenauthorization.

SmartGridConcept,AmericanElectricPower

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RenewableSources
Legislationisdrivingdeploymentofrenewable assets Differencesinrenewablesourcesgenerate differentenergystoragerequirements.Some needshorttermsmoothingandmostcoulduse longtermstorage. Varietyofrenewablesourcespresentsa significantchallengeforenergystoragesystems Energystorageenablesthecreationofviable renewablesolutions.

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RenewableIntegrationChallengesand Solutions(Japan)
STORAGE for PV Integration

STORAGE for Wind Integration


From,Hara/HokkaidoUniv.,Nakama,/NEDO,2008SymposiumonMicrogrids,June22008
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RenewableIntegration,CAWindChallenge

Source:CaliforniaIndependentSystemOperator
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RenewableIntegration,AZPVChallenge

Source:TucsonElectricPower
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CriticalBusinessIssues
Costofthetechnologymustprovidevalueto eachconsumer. Solutionsmustbeflexibleenoughtobe compatiblewithbothtodayssystemsaswellas tomorrows.(Assetlifecycle) Dynamicbuy/sellpriceswillsignificantlyimpact howtechnologyisdeployed Federalincentiveshavetheabilitytobea significantcatalystinthedeploymentofnew enablingtechnologies

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CostofRenewableTechnology

FromRenewableEnergyDataBook,DoE EERE,Sept.6,2008
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CostofRenewableTechnology

FromRenewableEnergyDataBook,DoE EERE,Sept.6,2008
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EnergyStorageRequirements
Rampingprepeakdemandintoandthrough peakdemand(Energy/Cyclelife) FrequencyRegulationforgridfrequency stability(Power) SpinningReserve(Power,Energy,andLife) Intelligenceofnewbatterysystemsallowfor increasedavailabilityandaccessibilitynot previouslyleveragedinlegacybatterysystems.

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DigitalInterfaceandControls
Digitalprotocol Lackofstandard HWlayer SWlayer Reachorcontroloflocalnetworks. Security Digitalboundariesmaynotbethesameaspower transmissionorbusinessboundaries Eachtypeofresourcedeployedwithhaveafinite responsetimeandenergycapability.

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Conclusion
Systemsapproachrequiredtosuccessfully identifyandmapoutfutureenergystorage systemrequirements. Energystorageassetsmustbeflexibleenoughto withstandtherapidevolutionofSmartGrid technologies.

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