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Configuring GSM VoIP gateways with Cisco Call Manager


ConfiguringGSMVoIPgatewayswithCiscoCallManager

Thepresentdocumentisastep-by-stepguideforconfiguringthe GSMVoIPgateways2N VoiceBlueLite(VBL),2N VoiceBlueEnterprise (VBE)and CiscoCallManager(CCM)softwareIPPBX.Itincludesessentialstepsforinterconnectingthetwoproductsratherthanadetailed configurationanalysisofallunits. Whatis2NVoiceBlue? The 2NVoiceBlueGSMVoIPgatewayisanidealcomplementaryproducttoanySIP-based IPPBX.It'ssuitableforsmallandmediumcompanies withIPinfrastructureandforcompanieswithinternationalaffiliates.WithVoiceBlueyougainsignificantsavingsonoutgoingandincomingcallsfrom IPtoGSMnetworksandbackwards.ThankstotheefficientandpowerfulLeastCostRouter(LCR),the VoiceBlueVoIPGSMgatewayalways choosesthecheapestpossiblewaytoroutethecall(accordingtoGSMprefixes,freeminutesonSIMcardsetc.).UsingtheVoiceBlueGSMVoIP gatewayyouachievecompleteindependencewhenconnectingtoGSMnetworksandmaintain100%controlofyourGSMcallcosts.Withthehelpof voicepromptsandefficientDynamicClipRouting,theVoiceBluefixedcellularterminalroutesincomingGSMcallstotherightIPphones.

Whatis2NVoiceBlueEnterprise? 2NVoiceBlueEnterpriseisaVoIPtoGSMGatewaysupportingSIPandH.323atthesametime.ItisacomplementaryproducttoanySIPor H323basedIPPBXandcanalsobeusedasasubstitutetoanySIPbasedIPPBXbecausetheSIPproxyservercanbeincluded.TheVoiceBlue EnterprisefixedcellularterminalcanbeusednotonlyasagatewaytoGSMbutalsoaprotocoltranslatorbetweentheSIPandH.323environments (theschemebelow).As VoiceBlueEnterpriseVoIPGSMgatewayusestheSiemensMC75module,itiscapableofdatatransfer(GPRSandEDGE technologiesareimplemented)andthereforecanserveasagatewayfromyourLANtotheInternet.Afirewallisembeddedtoprovidemaximum security.ThereisanoptionofSMSsendingandreceivingthroughaweborSMTP/POP3interface.IfanexternalUSBharddiscisadded,VoiceBlue GSMroutercanserveasanSMSserverforSMEsaswell.

Ourscenario

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Inthisarticlewearegoingtodealwithconfiguring VoIPGSMgatewaysandCiscoCallManagersystem,connectedinthewaythisschemecan resemblethepracticalapplicationinthebestpossibleway. LetsimagineacompanyusingCCMasthemainexchangeinitsheadquartersintheCzechRepublicandhavingonebranchofficeinUK. TogetherwithCCM,thereis 2NVoiceBlueGSMVoIPgatewayinstalledinthecompanyheadquarters,whichwillbeusedtocompletecallstolocal GSMnetwork. ThebranchofficeinUKissosmallitdoesnotpayofftoequipitwiththeclassicalexchangeandmostofitsemployeesareoutoftheirofficesmost ofthetime.Thisimpliesthatmostofthecommunicationbetweentheheadquartersandthebranchofficeemployeeswillbeperformedovermobile phonesintheUKGSMnetwork.Forthatreasonthebranchofficeexchangeisreplacedwiththe VoiceBlueEnterpriseVoIPsystem,whichwill ensurePBXfunctionsforemployeesandatthesametimetheconnectiontoGSMnetwork,togetherwithSIPtelephoneslocatedintheUKbranch office.ThankstotheInternetconnectionoftheheadquartersandthebranchofficethecallsbetweencompaniescanberoutedfreeofchargeand callstodistantGSMnetworkscanbechargedlocally.(TomakeitsimpleletssupposethereisanIPVPNcreatedbetweentheheadquarters andthebranchofficesothewholeoperationwillfunctioninatransparentway.)

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Nowwehavethescenario,butthequestioniswhatpartindividualelementsinourmodelwillplay.Firstaninternalnumberingplanhastobe created.Tomakeitsimpleletssay,wewillusefour-digitnumberingandalltelephonenumbersintheheadquarterswillstartwith1XXXandall telephonenumbersinthebranchofficewillthenbenumbersstartingwith2XXX.Furthermoreletssaythatallcallstonumberswithprefixes 004206,004207,004208,6,7,8willberoutedtoVBEIPaddressinthecompanyheadquarters,allcallsstartingwith00420willberoutedtoCCM andcallswith0044willberoutedtoVoiceBlueEnterprise.ThiswayitisensuredthatifsomebodyinthebranchofficecallstheCzechnumber,the VoiceBlueEnterpriseGSMVoIPgatewaywillsendthecalltoCCMandviceversa. Inaccordancewiththepreviousitispossibletocreateasimpleroutingtableforeachdevice.

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Tab.1:RoutingtableinCCM

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Tab.2:RoutingtableinVoiceBlueEnterprise Configuration CCM Wewillstartwithwhatseemstobethemostdifficult,thatiswithCCM.WewillnotdealwiththetelephoneinstallationandCCMconfigurationfor communicatingwiththemhereitisforanindependentdocument.WearegoingtofocusonlyonSIPTrunkconfigurationandroutingrules creation. SIPTrunkcreation SIPTrunkisakindofvirtualinterface,whichpointsattheIPaddressofadistantdevice.Thisinterfaceonlyknowswhereitsdistantendisand whatprotocolitcanusetocommunicatewithit.

FromtheMainMenuselectDevice>Trunk

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se condconfigurationanditisa little com ple x .iwillgoin de tailsthroughm yconfigand proble m s. ... Vie wMore ...

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clickonAddnewtrunkandselectprotocols

AfterclickingonNext,Trunkparametersaredisplayed. ChangeparametersaccordingtopicturesandclickonINSERT.

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Thiswayaninterfacefor VoiceBlueGSMVoIPgatewayinheadquartershasbeencreated. Inthesamewaycreateatrunkfor VoiceBlueEnterpriseVoIPGSMgateway,sofinallythetrunklistlooksthesameasinthefollowingpicture.To displaydataclickonFind.

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Creationofaroutingtable FromtheMenuselectRoutePlan>RoutePattern/HuntPilot

ClickonAddnewroute

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Createthefirstroutepatternaccordingtoourroutingtableforprefix2andatotalnumberofdigits4.TomakedecisionsCCMusesthealgorithm similartoregularexpressions.Inourcaseasingleexpression,whichisXandindicatesanynumber,willdo.Sotheexpressioninourcasewilllook asfollows:2XXX.

SetvaluesaccordingtothepictureandclickonInsert. Nowcreatetherestofroutepatternsaccordingtoourroutingtableinordertheroutepatternprintoutcanlookasfollows:

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Configuring2NVoiceBlueEnterpriseGSMVoIPgateway Nowtheheadquartershasbeenconfigured.CCMknowswhichwaytosendcallstotheCzechGSMnetworksandwhichwaytotheEnglishones. Atthesametimeitalsoknowswhensomebodycallsaninternallinestartingwith2,thiswillalsoberoutedtoEngland. SoweneedtoperformtheconfigurationofthewholebranchofficeinEngland,i.e. VoiceBlueEnterpriseGSMVoIPgateway. ConfiguringinternalSIPtelephones Letsstartwithcreationofenvironmentforthebranchofficeinternaltelephones.Letssupposethereare4SIPtelephonesinthebranch officeandnumbers2001,2002,2003and2004willbeassignedtothem.Letshavealookhowtodoitrightnow.

FromtheMenuselectUserManagementandclickonUsers

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Afteraddingtheuser,continueonAdduserandproceedaccordingtothefollowingpicture.HereUsernamerepresentsthetelephonenumberof thegiventelephoneandPasswordisthepasswordwhichSIPtelephonewillusetoconnecttothe VoiceBlueEnterpriseGSMVoIPgateway.

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ContinueinthesamewayalsofortherestofphonessothatfinallytheUsersTablelooksasfollows:

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NowyoucanregisterSIPtelephonestothisIPGSMgatewayeasilybysettingVBEIPaddressintheSIPproxyfieldandbysigningitinbythe meansofaccountswehavejustcreated.Afterfinishingthisactionitispossiblefortelephonesinthebranchofficetomakephonecallsamongeach other.

Routingtables TheinternalSIPproxyhasbeenconfiguredinordertoregisterSIPtelephonesandenabletomakephonecallsamongeachother. Finally,letsmovetotheimplementationofourroutingtable.Beforecreationofroutingrulesitisimportanttorealizethewaytherouting functionsinsidetheVBE.Basically,VBEhastworoutingtables,firstofthembeingmarkedasSIPproxyRoutingtableandthesecondasLCR.The sequenceofdecisionrulesisindicatedinthefollowingpicture.

SowhenthetelephoneregisteredtotheinternalSIPproxywantstodialarandomnumber,itsendstheINVITEpackettoVBEortoitsinternalSIP proxyserver.ItisprocessedinSIPproxyrulesandthenitiseithertransmitteddirectlytootherSIPgatewayoritistransmittedtotheinternalLCR

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incaseweneedtoroutethecalleithertoGSMortoH.323networks. SIPproxy SofirstcreateroutingrulesinSIPproxytable.ToconfigureaSIPproxytableclickonServices>SIPproxy. Herecreatetworoutes,onetotheinternalLCRtabletoroutecallstoGSMandonetoCCMinthecompanyheadquarters. Sothecallwithprefix0044willberoutedtoLCRthroughtheinternalSIPline.

ThecalltotheheadquarterswillbetransmittedtoCallManagerIPaddress.

Andsowillallcallsfromtherangeoflocalnumbersintheheadquarters

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AfterallsettingstheroutingtableinSIPproxyshouldassumedlylookasfollows:

LCRtable NowLCRtablehastobeadjusted.Beforedefiningaroutingtableitisnecessarytocreatetherouteforthisdirection.InVBEtheroutestoGSM networkarerepresentedbyGSMgroup.Tomakeitsimple,letssupposewehaveSIMcardswiththesametarifffromoneoperatorand thereforeonlyoneGSMgroupistobecreated.SeeVBEmanualformorecomplexconfigurations.

TocreateGSMgroupproceedasfollows: FromtheMenuselectConfiguration>LCR>GSMgroup

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NamethegroupatyourdiscretionandmarkallGSMmodulesyouwanttouse. AfteraddingthegroupthereshouldbethefollowingprintoutintheGSMgroupslist.

NowtherearenoobstaclestocreateaLCRtable.InLCRsectionclickonADDbuttonandproceedaccordingtopictures:

Theprefixboxcontainstheregularexpression,whichissuitableforanynumberstartingwith0044.

Inthenextstepasingleoutgoinggroup,whichhasbeendefined,willbeselectedautomaticallyandthereforeitisenoughtoenterbyclickingon Addbutton.YourLCRtableshouldlookasfollows:

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ThiswaytheconfigurationinthebranchofficeiscompletedandweshouldbeabletogetconnectedtoheadquarterslocalnumbersandtoUK GSMnetworksbothfromtheUKbranchofficeandfromtheheadquarters. Configuringthe2NVoiceBlueLiteGSMVoIPgateway Inthissectionyoucanfindthemostbasicstepstoconfigure VoiceBlueLiteGSMVoIPgateway.Formoreinformationseethepreviousarticlesor themanual. InorderVBcanacceptcallsroutedtoitfromCCMwehavetoinsertCCMIPaddresstotheSIPproxyfieldinethernetparameterssection.

Atthesametimeforbidtheregistrationbyinserting0tothefieldsRegistrationexpiresandReattemptregistration.

Createanetworklistfornumbersstartingwithprefix00420.

AndfinallycreateaddrecordtoLCRtable.

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Atthatmomenteverythingshouldfunctionaccordingtoourscenario. However,incaseyoufaceanytrouble,gothroughthewholeconfigurationmakingsureyoudidnotforgetaboutanythingandifyoudonot eliminatethetroubleyoucanalwayscontacttechsupport@2n.czwhichisfreeofchargeforall 2NTelekomunikacecustomers.

JanMastalir,DiS TechnicalSupport 2NTelekomunikacea.s.


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