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2011

Key World Energy

STATISTICS

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S T

KEY WORLD ENERGY STATISTICS

A T I S T I C S

IEA participating countries


Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States

The International Energy Agency


The IEA, which was established in November 1974, has over the years gained recognition as one of the worlds most authoritative sources for energy statistics. Its all-encompassing annual studies of oil, natural gas, coal, electricity and renewables are indispensable tools for energy policy makers, companies involved in the energy field and scholars. In 1997 the IEA produced a handy, pocket-sized summary of key energy data. This new edition responds to the enormously positive reaction to the books since then. Key World Energy Statistics from the IEA contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation and consumption of all major energy sources. The interested businessman, journalist or student will have at his or her fingertips the annual Canadian production of coal, the electricity consumption in Thailand, the price of diesel oil in Spain and thousands of other useful energy facts. Gathering and analysing statistics is one of the important IEA functions. But the Agency an autonomous body within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development also:

administers a plan to guard member countries against the risk of a major disruption of oil supplies; coordinates national efforts to conserve energy and develop alternative energy sources, as well as to limit pollution and energy-related climate change; and disseminates information on the world energy market and seeks to promote stable international trade in energy.

TABLE TABLE TABLE OF OF OF CONTENTS CONTENTS CONTENTS

SUPPLY TRANSFORMATION CONSUMPTION ENERGY BALANCES PRICES EMISSIONS OUTLOOK ENERGY INDICATORS CONVERSION FACTORS GLOSSARY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

S U P P L Y

TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY


World
World total primary energy supply from 1971 to 2009 by fuel (Mtoe)
14 000 12 000 10 000 8 000 6 000 4 000 2 000 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

Coal/peat Hydro

Oil

Natural gas

Nuclear Other*

Biofuels and waste

1973 and 2009 fuel shares of TPES


1973
Biofuels Hydro and waste 1.8% 10.6% Nuclear 0.9% Natural gas 16.0% Oil 46.0% Other* 0.1%

2009
Biofuels Hydro and waste 10.2% 2.3% Nuclear 5.8% Natural gas 20.9% Other* 0.8%

Coal/peat 24.6%

Coal/peat 27.2 %

Oil 32.8%

6 111 Mtoe

12 150 Mtoe

*Other includes geothermal, solar, wind, heat, etc.

BY FUEL
OECD
OECD total primary energy supply* from 1971 to 2010 by fuel (Mtoe)
6 000 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010

Coal/peat Hydro

Oil

Natural gas

Nuclear Other**

Biofuels and waste

1973 and 2010 fuel shares of TPES*


1973
Hydro 2.1% Nuclear 1.3% Biofuels and waste 2.3% Other** 0.2%

2010
Biofuels Hydro and waste 4.7% 2.1% Nuclear 11.0% Other** 1.2%

Coal/peat 22.6%

Coal/peat 20.2%

Natural gas 18.9%

Oil 52.6%

Natural gas 24.5%

Oil 36.3%

3 741 Mtoe

5 413 Mtoe

*Excludes electricity trade. **Other includes geothermal, solar, wind, heat, etc.

S U P P L Y

TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY


World
World total primary energy supply from 1971 to 2009 by region (Mtoe)
14 000 12 000 10 000 8 000 6 000 4 000 2 000 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

OECD China

Middle East Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Africa Asia* Bunkers** Latin America

1973 and 2009 regional shares of TPES


1973
Latin America Africa Asia* 3.5% 3.4% 5.6% Bunkers** 3.0%

2009
Latin America Africa Asia* 4.4% 5.5% 12.0% China 18.7% Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 8.6% OECD 43.3% Bunkers** 2.7%

China 7.0% NonOECD Europe and Eurasia 15.4%

Middle East 0.8%

OECD 61.3%

Middle East 4.8%

6 111 Mtoe

12 150 Mtoe

*Asia excludes China. **Includes international aviation and international marine bunkers.

BY REGION
OECD
OECD total primary energy supply* from 1971 to 2010 by region (Mtoe)
6 000 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010

OECD Americas

OECD Asia Oceania

OECD Europe

1973 and 2010 regional shares of TPES*


1973
OECD Europe 36.8%

2010
OECD Europe 33.5%

OECD Asia Oceania 11.1% OECD Americas 52.1%

OECD Asia Oceania 16.8% OECD Americas 49.7%

3 741 Mtoe

5 413 Mtoe

*Excludes electricity trade.

S U P P L Y
4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 1971

Crude Oil Production


Crude oil* production from 1971 to 2010 by region (Mt)

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

OECD China

Middle East Asia**

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Latin America Africa

1973 and 2010 regional shares of crude oil* production


1973
Latin Asia** America China 3.2% 8.5% 1.9% Africa 10.1%

2010
Latin China America 5.0% Asia** 9.5% Non4.3% OECD Europe and Eurasia 16.6% OECD 23.9% Africa 12.5%

NonOECD Europe and Eurasia 15.7%

Middle East 36.7%

Middle East 30.4%

OECD 21.7%

2 869 Mt

3 973 Mt

10

*Includes crude oil, NGL, feedstocks, additives and other hydrocarbons. **Asia excludes China.

Producers, net exporters and net importers of crude oil*

Producers

Mt

% of world total
12.6 11.9 8.5 5.7 5.0 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.2 38.4 Net exporters Saudi Arabia Russian Federation Islamic Rep. of Iran Nigeria United Arab Emirates Iraq Angola Norway Venezuela Mt 313 247 124 114 100 94 89 87 85 68 574 1 895 United States Peoples Rep. of China Japan India Korea Germany Italy France Others Total 2009 data Netherlands Spain Others Total 510 199 179 159 115 98 80 72 57 56 477 2 002 Net importers Mt

Russian Federation Saudi Arabia United States Islamic Rep. of Iran Peoples Rep. of China Canada Venezuela Mexico Nigeria United Arab Emirates

502 471 336 227 200 159 149 144 130 129

Rest of the world 1 526 World 2010 data

Kuwait

3 973 100.0

*Includes crude oil, NGL, feedstocks, additives and other hydrocarbons.

2009 data

11

S U P P L Y
3 500 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 1971

Natural Gas Production


Natural gas production from 1971 to 2010 by region (billion cubic metres)

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

OECD China

Middle East Asia*

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Latin America Africa

1973 and 2010 regional shares of natural gas production


1973
Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 22.3% Middle East 2.1% China 0.5% Asia* 1.0% Latin America 2.0% Africa 0.8%

2010
China Non-OECD 2.9% Europe and Eurasia Asia* Latin 25.2% 10.2% America 4.9% Africa 6.4% Middle East 14.4%

OECD 71.3%

OECD 36.0%

1 226 bcm

3 282 bcm
*Asia excludes China.

12

Producers, net exporters and net importers* of natural gas

Producers

bcm

% of world total
19.4 18.7 4.9 4.4 3.7 3.3 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.5 34.7 Net exporters Russian Federation Norway Qatar Canada Algeria Indonesia Netherlands Malaysia Turkmenistan bcm 169 101 97 72 55 42 34 25 24 24 165 808 Japan Germany Italy United States France Korea Turkey United Kingdom Others Ukraine Spain Others Total 99 83 75 74 46 43 37 37 37 36 253 820 Net importers bcm

Russian Federation United States Canada Islamic Rep. of Iran Qatar Norway Peoples Rep. of China Netherlands Indonesia Saudi Arabia Rest of the world World 2010 data

637 613 160 145 121 107 97 89 88 82 1 143

Nigeria

3 282 100.0 Total 2010 data

*Net exports and net imports include pipeline gas and LNG.

2010 data

13

S U P P L Y
7 000 6 000 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 1971

Hard Coal Production


Hard coal* production from 1971 to 2010 by region (Mt)

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

OECD China

Middle East Asia**

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Latin America Africa

1973 and 2010 regional shares of hard coal* production


1973
Non-OECD Europe China Asia** Latin and Eurasia 18.7% 4.8% America 23.2% 0.2% Africa 3.0% Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 6.6%

2010
China 51.1%

OECD 50.1%

OECD 23.7%

Africa 4.2%

Latin America 1.4%

Asia** 13.0%

2 235 Mt

6 186 Mt
*Includes recovered coal. **Asia excludes China.

14

Producers, net exporters and net importers of coal

Producers

Hard Brown coal* coal (Mt) (Mt)


** 65 33 67 0 76 163 6 57 0 576 Australia Indonesia Russian Federation Colombia South Africa United States Kazakhstan Canada Vietnam

Peoples Rep. of China 3 162 United States India Australia South Africa Russian Federation Indonesia Kazakhstan Poland Colombia Rest of the world World 2010 data 932 538 353 255 248 173 105 77 74 269

Net exporters

Hard coal (Mt)


298 162 89 68 68 57 33 24 21 17 19 856 Japan Peoples Rep. of China Korea India Chinese Taipei Germany Turkey United Kingdom Italy

Net importers

Hard coal (Mt)


187 157 119 88 63 45 27 26 22 19 196 949

6 186 1 043

Mongolia Others Total 2010 data

Malaysia Others Total 2010 data

*Includes recovered coal. **Included in hard coal.

15

S U P P L Y
3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 1971 1975

Nuclear Production
Nuclear production from 1971 to 2009 by region (TWh)

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

OECD

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia

Asia*

China

Other**

1973 and 2009 regional shares of nuclear production


1973
Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Asia* 5.9% 1.3%

2009
Asia* 2.3% China Other** 2.6% Non-OECD Europe 1.3% and Eurasia 10.6%

OECD 92.8%

OECD 83.2%

203 TWh

2 697 TWh

16

*Asia excludes China. **Other includes Africa, Latin America and the Middle East.

Producers of nuclear electricity

% of
Producers TWh world

total
United States France Japan Russian Federation Korea Germany Canada Ukraine Peoples Rep. of China United Kingdom Rest of the world World 2009 data 830 410 280 164 148 135 90 83 70 69 418 30.8 15.2 10.4 6.1 5.5 5.0 3.3 3.1 2.6 2.6 15.4 Installed capacity United States France Japan Russian Federation Germany Korea Canada Ukraine United Kingdom Sweden Rest of the world World GW Country 101 63 49 22 20 18 13 13 11 9 52 371 France Ukraine Korea Japan Germany United States United Kingdom Russian Federation Canada Peoples Rep. of China Rest of the world* World 2009 data

(top-ten producers)

% of nuclear in total domestic electricity generation


76.2 48.0 32.7 26.9 23.0 19.9 18.6 16.5 15.0 1.9 12.7 13.5

2 697 100.0

2009 data Sources: IEA, Commissariat lnergie Atomique (France).


*Excludes countries with no nuclear production.

17

S U P P L Y
3 500 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 1971 1975

Hydro Production
Hydro* production from 1971 to 2009 by region (TWh)

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

OECD China

Middle East Asia**

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Latin America Africa

1973 and 2009 regional shares of hydro* production


1973
Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 11.6% Middle East 0.3% OECD 71.9% Middle East 0.4% OECD 41.7% China 2.9% Asia** Latin America 4.3% 6.8% Africa 2.2% China Non-OECD 18.5% Europe and Eurasia 8.9%

2009
Asia** 7.4% Latin America 20.1% Africa 3.0%

1 294 TWh

3 329 TWh
*Includes pumped storage. **Asia excludes China.

18

Producers of hydro* electricity

Producers

TWh

% of world total
18.5 11.7 10.9 9.0 5.3 3.8 3.2 2.7 2.5 2.0 30.4

Peoples Rep. of China Brazil Canada United States Russian Federation Norway India Venezuela Japan Sweden

616 391 364 298 176 127 107 90 82 66

Installed capacity Peoples Rep. of China United States Brazil Canada Japan Russian Federation India Norway France Italy Rest of the world World 2008 data Sources: IEA, United Nations.

GW Country 168 100 78 75 47 47 37 30 25 21 324 952 Norway Brazil Venezuela Canada Sweden Russian Federation Peoples Rep. of China India Japan United States Rest of the world** World 2009 data

(top-ten producers)

% of hydro in total domestic electricity generation


95.7 83.8 72.8 60.3 48.3 17.8 16.7 11.9 7.8 7.1 13.9 16.5

Rest of the world 1 012 World 2009 data

3 329 100.0

*Includes pumped storage. **Excludes countries with no hydro production.

19

T R A N S F O R M A T I O N

Refining by Product
World refinery production from 1971 to 2009 by product (Mt)
4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 1971

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

LPG/ethane/naphtha Middle distillates

Motor gasoline Fuel oil

Aviation fuels Other products

1973 and 2009 shares of refinery production by product 1973


Fuel oil 33.8% Other products 9.2% LPG/ethane/ naphtha 5.8% Motor gasoline 21.0% Fuel oil 14.0%

2009
Other products 12.4% LPG/ethane/ naphtha 8.8% Motor gasoline 24.2%

Aviation fuels 4.2% Middle distillates 26.0% Middle distillates 34.4%

Aviation fuels 6.2%

2 719 Mt

3 779 Mt

20

Producers, net exporters and net importers of oil products

Producers

Mt
807 355 232 186 179 116 108 96 96 94

% of world total
21.4 9.4 6.1 4.9 4.7 3.1 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.5 40.0 Net exporters

United States Peoples Rep. of China Russian Federation India Japan Korea Germany Canada Brazil Saudi Arabia

Mt

Russian Federation 102 Saudi Arabia India Venezuela Kuwait United States Algeria Belarus Korea Italy 50 36 33 28 19 16 13 13 12 139 Japan Peoples Rep. of China Hong Kong (China) France Spain Australia Mexico Indonesia Others Total* 2009 data Turkey Vietnam Others Total* 2009 data 23 20 19 16 15 14 13 13 13 13 196 Net importers

Mt

Rest of the world 1 510 World 2009 data

3 779 100.0 461

*The discrepancy between total net exports and total net imports arises from different data sources and possible misallocation of bunkers into exports for some countries.

355

21

T R A N S F O R M A T I O N

Refining by Region
World refinery throughput* from 1971 to 2009 by region (Mt)
4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 1971

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

OECD China

Middle East Asia**

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Latin America Africa

1973 and 2009 regional shares of refinery throughput* 1973


Non-OECD China Asia** Latin America Europe 1.5% 3.3% 8.9% and Eurasia 13.9% Africa 1.7% Middle East 3.7% OECD 67.0% Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 8.9%

2009
China 9.7% Asia** 11.3% Latin America 6.6% Africa 3.2%

Middle East 8.3% OECD 52.0%

2 738 Mt

3 837 Mt

22

*Includes crude oil, NGL, refinery feedstocks, additives and other hydrocarbons. **Asia excludes China.

Refinery capacity, net exporters and net importers of oil*

Crude distillation capacity United States

% of kb/cd world total


17 515 18.8 10.6 5.7 5.0 4.3 3.2 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.1 42.9 Net exporters Saudi Arabia

Peoples Rep. of China** 9 890 Russian Federation 5 291 Japan India Korea Germany Italy Saudi Arabia Brazil 4 692 4 003 3 003 2 392 2 277 2 098 1 981

Mt
363 Net importers United States Peoples Rep. of China Japan India Germany Korea France Spain

Russian Federation 349 Islamic Rep. of Iran Venezuela Nigeria United Arab Emirates Norway Kuwait Angola Iraq 130 117 107 98 97 97 87 85 595 2 125

Mt
492 218 202 123 108 102 88 71 68 53 601 2 126

Rest of the world 39 938 World 2010 data

93 081 100.0
Others Total 2009 data

Italy Singapore Others Total 2009 data

*Crude oil and oil products. **Includes unlisted small teapot refineries which are estimated at 500 kb/cd (i.e. calendar day).

23

T R A N S F O R M A T I O N

Electricity Generation by Fuel


World electricity generation* from 1971 to 2009 by fuel (TWh)
24 000 20 000 16 000 12 000 8 000 4 000 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

Fossil thermal

Nuclear

Hydro

Other**

1973 and 2009 fuel shares of electricity generation* 1973


Hydro 21.0% Nuclear 3.3% Natural gas 12.1% Oil 24.7% Other** 0.6% Coal/peat 38.3% Nuclear 13.4% Hydro 16.2%

2009
Other** 3.3% Coal/peat 40.6%

Natural gas 21.4%

Oil 5.1%

6 115 TWh

20 055 TWh

24

*Excludes pumped storage. **Other includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, and heat.

Electricity production from fossil fuels

Coal/peat

TWh

Peoples Rep. of China 2 913 United States India Japan Germany South Africa Korea Australia Russian Federation Poland 1 893 617 279 257 232 209 203 164 135 Oil Saudi Arabia Japan Islamic Rep. of Iran United States Mexico Iraq Kuwait Pakistan Indonesia Egypt Rest of the world World 2009 data

TWh
120 92 52 50 46 43 38 36 35 30 485 United States Russian Federation Japan United Kingdom Italy Islamic Rep. of Iran Mexico India Spain Thailand 950 469 285 165 147 143 138 111 107 105 Natural gas

TWh

Rest of the world 1 217 World 2009 data

8 119

1 027

Rest of the world 1 681 World 2009 data

4 301

25

T R A N S F O R M A T I O N

Electricity Generation by Region


World electricity generation* from 1971 to 2009 by region (TWh)
24 000 20 000 16 000 12 000 8 000 4 000 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

OECD China

Middle East Asia**

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Latin America Africa

1973 and 2009 regional shares of electricity generation* 1973


Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 16.7% Middle East 0.5% China Asia** 2.8% 2.6% Latin America 2.5% Africa 1.8% Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 8.0%

2009
China Latin 18.6% Asia** America 9.6% 5.0% Africa 3.1%

OECD 73.1%

Middle East 3.7%

OECD 52.0%

6 115 TWh

20 055 TWh
**Asia excludes China.

26

*Excludes pumped storage.

Producers, net exporters and net importers of electricity

Producers*

% of TWh world total


4 165 20.8 18.4 5.2 4.9 4.5 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.3 2.3 33.0 Net exporters Paraguay Canada France Russian Federation Czech Republic Germany Peoples Rep. of China Norway Spain Ukraine

United States

Peoples Rep. of China 3 696 Japan Russian Federation India Canada Germany France Brazil Korea 1 041 990 899 603 586 537 466 452

TWh
45 34 26 15 14 12 11 9 8 6 50 Italy Brazil United States Finland India Hong Kong (China) Argentina Croatia 45 40 34 12 10 8 6 6 6 6 68 Net importers

TWh

Rest of the world 6 620 World 2009 data

20 055 100.0
Others Total 2009 data

Iraq Hungary Others Total

230

241

**Gross production minus production from pumped storage plants. 2009 data

27

C O N S U M P T I O N

TOTAL FINAL CONSUMPTION


World
World total final consumption from 1971 to 2009 by fuel (Mtoe)
9 000 8 000 7 000 6 000 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 1971

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

Coal/peat Biofuels and waste*

Oil Electricity

Natural gas Other**

1973 and 2009 fuel shares of total final consumption 1973


Biofuels and waste* 13.2% Electricity Other** 1.6% 9.4% Coal/peat 13.7% Biofuels and waste 12.9%

2009
Electricity 17.3% Other** 3.3% Coal/peat 10.0%

Natural gas 14.0%

Oil 48.1%

Natural gas 15.2%

Oil 41.3%

4 674 Mtoe

8 353 Mtoe

28

*Data prior to 1994 for biofuels and waste final consumption have been estimated. **Other includes geothermal, solar, wind, heat, etc.

BY FUEL
OECD
OECD total final consumption from 1971 to 2009 by fuel (Mtoe)
4 000 3 500 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

Coal/peat Biofuels and waste

Oil Electricity

Natural gas Other*

1973 and 2009 fuel shares of total final consumption 1973


Biofuels and waste 3.0% Electricity 11.5% Other* 0.7% Coal/peat 10.8% Biofuels and waste 4.7%

2009
Electricity Other* 1.8% Coal/peat 21.6% 3.2%

Natural gas 17.7%

Oil 56.3%

Natural gas 19.8%

Oil 48.9%

2 815 Mtoe

3 582 Mtoe

*Other includes geothermal, solar, wind, heat, etc.

29

C O N S U M P T I O N

TOTAL FINAL CONSUMPTION


World
World total final consumption* from 1971 to 2009 by region (Mtoe)
9 000 8 000 7 000 6 000 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 1971

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

OECD China

Middle East Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia Africa Asia** Bunkers*** Latin America

1973 and 2009 regional shares of total final consumption* 1973


Latin Africa America Asia** 3.6% 3.7% 6.4% China 7.9% Bunkers*** 3.9% Asia** 12.3% China 17.3% Middle East 0.7% OECD 60.3% Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 8.1% Middle East 4.7%

2009
Latin Africa Bunkers*** America 6.0% OECD 3.9% 4.9% 42.8%

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 13.5%

4 674 Mtoe

8 353 Mtoe

30

*Data prior to 1994 for biofuels and waste final consumption have been estimated. **Asia excludes China. ***Includes international aviation and international marine bunkers.

BY REGION
OECD
OECD total final consumption from 1971 to 2009 by region (Mtoe)
4 000 3 500 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

OECD Americas

OECD Asia Oceania

OECD Europe

1973 and 2009 regional shares of total final consumption 1973


OECD Europe 36.3% OECD Asia Oceania 15.8%

2009
OECD Europe 34.2%

OECD Asia Oceania 10.7%

OECD Americas 53.0%

OECD Americas 50.0%

2 815 Mtoe

3 582 Mtoe

31

C O N S U M P T I O N

TOTAL FINAL CONSUMPTION


Coal*
Total final consumption from 1971 to 2009 by sector (Mtoe)
900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

Industry

Transport

Other**

Non-energy use

1973 and 2009 shares of world coal* consumption 1973


Other** 37.5% Non-energy use 0.9% Other** 17.7% Transport 0.4%

2009
Non-energy use 4.5%

Transport 5.2%

Industry 56.4%

Industry 77.4%

639 Mtoe

832 Mtoe

32

*Coal refers to coal/peat. **Includes agriculture, commercial and public services, residential, and non-specified other.

BY SECTOR
Oil
Total final consumption from 1971 to 2009 by sector (Mtoe)
4 000 3 500 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

Industry

Transport

Other*

Non-energy use

1973 and 2009 shares of world oil consumption 1973


Non-energy use 11.6% Industry 20.0% Non-energy use 16.5% Industry 9.3%

2009

Other* 23.2%

Transport 45.2%

Other* 12.5%

Transport 61.7%

2 249 Mtoe

3 462 Mtoe

*Includes agriculture, commercial and public services, residential, and non-specified other.

33

C O N S U M P T I O N

TOTAL FINAL CONSUMPTION


Natural gas
Total final consumption from 1971 to 2009 by sector (Mtoe)

1 400 1 200 1 000 800 600 400 200 0 1971

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2009

Industry

Transport

Other*

Non-energy use

1973 and 2009 shares of world natural gas consumption 1973


Other* 39.7% Non-energy use 2.8% Transport 5.5% Industry 54.8% Industry 34.9%

2009
Other* 48.8% Non-energy use 10.8%

Transport 2.7%

653 Mtoe

1 266 Mtoe

34

*Includes agriculture, commercial and public services, residential, and non-specified other.

BY SECTOR
Electricity
1 600 1 400 1 200 1 000 800 600 400 200 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

Total final consumption from 1971 to 2009 by sector (Mtoe)

Industry

Transport

Other*

1973 and 2009 shares of world electricity consumption 1973


Other* 44.2% Other* 58.2%

2009
Industry 40.2%

Transport 2.4%

Industry 53.4%

Transport 1.6%

439 Mtoe

1 441 Mtoe

*Includes agriculture, commercial and public services, residential, and non-specified other.

35

E N E R G Y B A L A N C E S

SIMPLIFIED ENERGY
World
1973
(Mtoe)
SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION Production Imports Exports Stock changes TPES Transfers Statistical diff. Electricity plants CHP plants Heat plants Blast furnaces Gas works Coke ovens(c) Oil refineries Petchem. plants Liquefaction plants Other transf. Energy ind. own use Losses TFC Industry Transport (d) Other Non-energy use Coal/ peat Crude oil Oil Natural products gas 407.22 -442.16 -16.43 -51.37 48.66 -6.87 -319.02 -28.26 -0.90 -2.72 -9.11 -0.68 -5.37 -0.12 -158.57 -0.27 993.10 73.40 -72.56 -15.09 978.85 4.80 -160.03 -50.84 -0.68 -6.42 -0.19 -0.03 -106.83 -6.03 652.61 357.44 17.72 259.08 18.37 Nuclear Hydro Biofuels Other(b)
and waste(a)

Total

1 479.01 2 938.36 140.02 1 561.51 -130.39 -1 612.54 12.31 -20.68

53.05 53.05 -52.95 -0.10 -

110.19 110.19 -110.19 -

646.78 0.12 -0.19 0.06 646.76 -0.17 -2.74 -0.75 -0.80 -0.06 -0.02 -23.07 -0.20 -0.25 618.71 89.40 0.24 529.07 -

6.13 6 226.61 8.14 2 190.41 -8.27 -2 266.10 -39.84

1 500.95 2 866.65 10.04 -559.61 -86.32 -7.81 -83.39 10.09 -100.55 -0.73 -35.07 -8.88 638.71 360.39 33.00 239.31 6.01 -46.80 11.85 -22.91 -0.60 5.09 0.23 -2.59 -7.07

6.00 6 111.08 -0.03 502.64 100.70 7.11 -57.68 -43.14 1.85 19.63 -724.80 -65.56 -3.08 -86.17 -6.03 -101.44 -20.56 -0.28 -0.50 -23.22 -360.93 -65.63

- -2 781.71 2 761.15

22.15 2 226.56 16.42 0.00 5.73 432.55 520.83 254.81 - 1 018.37

515.61 4 674.35 286.35 1 542.54 10.60 1 079.93 218.67 1 766.97 284.92

36

(a) Biofuels and waste final consumption has been estimated. (b) Other includes geothermal, solar, electricity and heat, wind, etc. (c) Also includes patent fuel and BKB plants. (d) Includes international aviation and international marine bunkers.

BALANCE TABLE
World
2009
(Mtoe)
SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION Production Imports Exports Stock changes TPES Transfers Statistical diff. Electricity plants CHP plants Heat plants Blast furnaces Gas works Coke ovens(b) Oil refineries Petchem. plants Liquefaction plants Other transf. Energy ind. own use Losses TFC Industry Transport (c) Other Non-energy use Coal/ peat Crude oil Oil Natural products gas - 2 526.42 753.66 -731.86 -8.00 Nuclear Hydro Biofuels Other(a)
and waste

Total

3 449.47 3 994.48

703.31 703.31 -697.41 -5.91 -

279.64 1 236.93 8.24 -7.87 0.37

101.42 12 291.68 50.61 4 644.83 -123.93 -49.61 -4 662.38

578.13 2 249.41 1 004.78 -614.41 -2 146.20 -1 112.42 -113.67 -2.09 -0.55

3 299.51 4 095.59 -108.18 2 540.22 -24.85 -1 872.15 -171.39 -96.38 -146.16 -6.80 -46.62 -18.89 0.03 -82.67 -1.75 831.90 644.15 3.36 147.35 37.05 -137.01 -12.38 -30.38 -0.01 -0.76 -0.00 29.33 10.88 0.14 -10.20 -3.92 145.87 -0.11 -200.50 -23.37 -12.16 -0.62 -3.59 -1.78 -29.79 -1.00 -206.98 -0.64 -6.24 -635.35 -283.63 -86.55 -0.06 2.91 -0.04 -0.59 -6.60 -2.06 -238.35 -17.80

279.64 1 237.67 102.42 12 150.19 -279.64 0.43 0.11 -30.76 -8.70 -0.02 -0.00 -51.18 6.42 302.40 167.94 -0.34 9.30 -37.06 -212.68 -36.60 -146.84 -7.50 -48.44 -36.88 -0.46 -14.61 -54.42 -731.43 -190.80 8 352.77 2 282.12 2 284.10 3 040.02 746.53

-54.13 1 480.53 -2 289.02

- -3 909.83 3 873.54

-13.23 -180.00 -0.15 -166.54

31.45 3 430.68 1 265.86 10.89 0.20 20.36 309.71 432.72 552.62 441.32 70.20 617.85 136.50 - 2 135.62

- 1 080.04 1 712.84 186.15 51.54 842.35 689.90 23.38 999.56 -

(a) Other includes geothermal, solar, electricity and heat, wind, etc. (b) Also includes patent fuel and BKB plants. (c) Includes international aviation and international marine bunkers.

37

E N E R G Y B A L A N C E S

SIMPLIFIED ENERGY
OECD
1973
(Mtoe)
SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION Production Imports Exports Intl. marine bunkers Intl. aviation bunkers Stock changes TPES Transfers Statistical diff. Electricity plants CHP plants Heat plants Blast furnaces Gas works Coke ovens(b) Oil refineries Petchem. plants Liquefaction plants Other transf. Energy ind. own use Losses TFC Industry Transport Other Non-energy use Coal/ peat Crude oil Oil Natural products gas 706.22 62.55 -50.38 -12.07 706.32 -5.61 -108.33 -11.64 -0.68 -6.37 -0.19 -0.03 -72.36 -2.63 498.48 250.44 17.00 225.47 5.58 Nuclear Hydro Biofuels Other(a)
and waste

Total

819.25 710.51 121.93 1 277.47 336.20 -111.09 -63.58 -172.72 - -73.65 - -24.64 14.53 -10.78 -11.36 844.63 1 913.62 53.83

49.22 49.22 -49.12 -0.10 -

78.94 78.94 -78.94 -

87.29 0.03 -0.01 0.06 87.36 -1.43 -0.75 -0.80 -0.02 -0.07 84.30 42.26 42.04 -

6.13 2 457.55 7.55 1 805.74 -7.01 -404.79 -73.65 -24.64 -19.62 6.66 3 740.58 364.70 30.94 7.11 -33.38 -30.54 1.22 23.06 -509.81 -41.51 -3.08 -68.40 -4.68 -26.61 2.48 -0.28 0.02 -0.15 -260.19 -37.20

-41.28 42.49 14.81 11.29 2.56 -387.69 -20.61 -228.38 -52.07 -7.89 -7.81 -0.90 -65.68 -2.72 11.02 -0.60 -8.72 -25.72 -0.68 - -1 865.94 1 868.42 4.88 -5.16 0.02 -0.12 -24.53 -0.99 -128.88 -3.80 -0.23 303.17 182.67 7.34 110.07 3.10 0.39 1 583.63 0.39 312.91 665.68 393.09 211.95

345.49 2 815.46 169.41 5.30 170.78 958.06 695.32 941.45 220.63

38

(a) Other includes geothermal, solar, electricity and heat, wind, etc. (b) Also includes patent fuel and BKB plants.

BALANCE TABLE
OECD
2009
(Mtoe)
SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION Production Imports Exports Intl. marine bunkers Intl. aviation bunkers Stock changes TPES Transfers Statistical diff. Electricity plants CHP plants Heat plants Blast furnaces Gas works Coke ovens(b) Oil refineries Petchem. plants Liquefaction plants Other transf. Energy ind. own use Losses TFC Industry Transport Other Non-energy use Coal/ peat Crude oil Oil Natural products gas 939.26 596.28 -281.09 -6.07 Nuclear Hydro Biofuels Other(a)
and waste

Total

981.91 892.57 342.97 1 524.15 539.59 -256.89 -352.62 -473.22 - -87.76 - -83.74 -34.69 0.62 -1.43

584.52 584.52 -581.84 -2.68 -

113.58 113.58 -113.58 -

237.66 7.78 -3.28 -0.34 241.82 0.03 -40.59 -28.91 -4.76 -0.02 -0.12 -0.20 -0.03 167.22 68.79 35.30 63.13 -

57.18 3 806.68 32.93 3 043.71 -32.16 -1 399.26 -87.76 -83.74 -41.90 57.95 5 237.72 13.78 0.14 -35.23 760.62 -1 115.14 143.51 -89.70 14.29 -3.54 -40.36 -1.60 -7.68 -3.65 -0.44 -1.63 -0.34 -0.82 -74.12 -303.65 -62.37 -66.12 839.69 3 581.93 263.65 772.75 9.56 1 171.56 566.47 1 288.27 - 349.35

1 033.30 2 064.72 -106.55 1 248.38 -28.31 42.09 -10.25 -8.20 -13.34 -761.16 -3.18 -55.52 -80.58 - -14.57 -4.45 -1.31 -39.68 -0.62 -2.03 -2.93 -6.70 -0.93 - -2 046.91 2 043.84 25.65 -26.09 -0.71 1.05 0.03 0.14 -0.09 -12.16 -0.14 -117.24 -0.76 -0.01 114.83 90.44 0.10 22.26 2.04 4.83 1 746.73 2.01 111.56 - 1 105.78 - 212.11 2.81 317.27 -3.61 -319.88 -106.49 -7.30 -0.06 3.38 -0.04 -0.59 -1.96 -0.43 -99.81 -2.94 708.64 236.30 20.82 424.30 27.22

(a) Other includes geothermal, solar, electricity and heat, wind, etc. (b) Also includes patent fuel and BKB plants.

39

P R I C E S
160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20

Crude Oil
Key crude oil spot prices in USD/barrel

0 Jan-85 Jan-87 Jan-89 Jan-91 Jan-93 Jan-95 Jan-97 Jan-99 Jan-01 Jan-03 Jan-05 Jan-07 Jan-09 Jan-11 monthly averages

Dubai

Brent

WTI

Oil Products
Rotterdam oil product spot prices in USD/barrel
180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Jan-85 Jan-87 Jan-89 Jan-91 Jan-93 Jan-95 Jan-97 Jan-99 Jan-01 Jan-03 Jan-05 Jan-07 Jan-09 Jan-11 monthly averages

Gasoline

Gasoil

HFO

40

Coal
Steam coal import costs in USD/tonne
180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 1Q1983 1Q1987 1Q1991 1Q1995 1Q1999 quarterly averages 1Q2003 1Q2007 1Q2010

EU member states*

Japan

Natural Gas
Natural gas import prices in USD/MBtu
14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 yearly averages

Japan**

USA***

Belgium***

Germany***

Spain***

*The weighted average for EU member states is based only on imports for which prices are available and may include different components in different time periods. Romania and Bulgaria are not available for any of the time periods. **LNG ***Pipeline

41

P R I C E S
Heavy fuel oil for industry(b) (tonne)

RETAIL PRICES (a)


Light fuel oil for households (1 000 litres) Automotive diesel oil(c) (litre) Unleaded premium(d) (litre)

Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chinese Taipei Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary India Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States

.. 715.73 650.39 687.43 563.27 482.00 720.39 .. 663.65 633.03 714.64 646.03 .. 885.21 701.52 .. 736.89 .. 459.78 624.67 626.79 .. 682.08 832.18 555.72 642.48 1 388.29 760.49 1 055.24 c 609.33

.. 1 217.04 1 055.80 1 065.14 x 1 194.19 1 837.21 1 442.44 1 186.09 1 075.92 1 127.60 x .. 1 348.11 1 794.36 1 055.29 1 110.08 954.02 .. .. .. 1 375.65 1 190.60 1 352.20 .. 1 135.10 1 918.67 1 026.02 1 823.30 1 031.26 944.90

.. 1.179 1.562 1.209 0.987 1.543 1.503 1.486 1.504 1.604 1.587 1.461 .. 1.512 1.556 1.221 .. 1.345 0.660 1.518 0.945 1.595 1.335 1.671 1.486 1.445 1.684 1.635 2.210 1.796 0.958

1.393 1.794 2.133 1.250 1.084 1.886 2.144 2.086 2.019 2.063 2.219 1.848 .. 1.917 2.026 1.715 1.673 1.716 0.731 2.198 1.535 2.180 1.692 2.066 1.925 1.766 2.090 1.819 2.541 2.070 0.869

42

(a) Prices are for 1st quarter 2011 for oil products, and annual 2010 for other products. (b) High sulphur fuel oil for Canada, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand, Turkey and the United States; low sulphur fuel oil for all other countries. (c) For commercial purposes.

IN SELECTED COUNTRIES in USD/unit


Nat. gas for Nat. gas for Steam coal Electricity for Electricity for industry households for industry(f) industry households (107 kcal GCV(e)) (107 kcal GCV(e)) (tonne) (kWh) (kWh)

.. .. 354.91 160.13 600.92 530.45 .. 350.37 484.43 .. 517.56 .. .. 431.22 483.01 .. 610.27 449.67 .. 413.85 234.01 x 454.78 555.51 534.71 390.42 662.73 661.55 407.27 303.30 207.37

.. 946.57 872.86 430.77 584.54 797.27 1 449.36 496.51 864.00 .. 1 084.65 .. .. 822.78 1 093.65 .. 655.49 673.71 453.45 1 001.23 1 009.50 x 772.94 942.20 703.69 859.14 1 636.48 1 015.73 526.44 745.22 429.48

.. 232.78 .. .. .. c .. 168.60 .. .. .. .. .. .. 111.97 114.65 .. .. x .. c .. 96.35 .. .. .. .. 155.37 83.68 116.98 70.54

.. .. 0.1245 0.0699 0.0776 0.1439 0.1144 0.0948 0.1056 .. 0.1139 .. .. 0.1372 0.2581 0.1544 .. 0.1219 0.1042 0.1230 .. 0.0737 0.1204 0.1203 0.1691 .. 0.0964 0.1023 0.1509 0.1211 0.0679

.. 0.2576 0.2317 0.0945 0.0932 0.1855 0.3563 0.1754 0.1568 0.3248 0.1584 .. .. 0.2326 0.2632 0.2322 0.0834 0.2155 0.0888 0.2212 0.1815 0.1758 0.1791 0.2152 0.2130 .. 0.2180 0.1800 0.1841 0.1990 0.1158

Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chinese Taipei Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary India Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States

(d) Unleaded premium gasoline (95 RON); unleaded regular for Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand and the United States. (e) Gross calorific value. (f) Brown coal for Turkey. .. not available x not applicable c confidential

43

E M I S S I O N S

CO2 Emissions by Fuel


World* CO2 emissions** from 1971 to 2009 by fuel (Mt of CO2)
35 000 30 000 25 000 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

Coal/peat

Oil

Natural gas

Other***

1973 and 2009 fuel shares of CO2 emissions**


1973
Natural gas 14.4% Other*** 0.1% Coal/peat 34.9% Natural gas 19.9%

2009
Other*** 0.4% Coal/peat 43.0%

Oil 50.6%

Oil 36.7%

15 624 Mt of CO2

28 999 Mt of CO2

44

*World includes international aviation and international marine bunkers. **Calculated using the IEAs energy balances and the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines. CO2 emissions are from fuel combustion only. ***Other includes industrial waste and non-renewable municipal waste.

CO2 Emissions by Region


World* CO2 emissions** from 1971 to 2009 by region (Mt of CO2)
35 000 30 000 25 000 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009

OECD

Africa

Latin America

Asia*** Middle East

China Bunkers

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia

1973 and 2009 regional shares of CO2 emissions** 1973 2009


Non-OECD Europe Middle East China and Eurasia 0.9% 16.2% Asia*** 5.7% 3.0% Bunkers 3.6% Latin America 2.6% Africa 1.9% Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 8.6% China 23.7% Middle East 5.2% Bunkers 3.5%

OECD 66.1%

Asia*** 10.9% Latin America Africa 3.4% 3.2%

OECD 41.5%

15 624 Mt of CO2

28 999 Mt of CO2

*World includes international aviation and international marine bunkers, which are shown together as Bunkers. **Calculated using the IEAs energy balances and the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines. CO2 emissions are from fuel combustion only. ***Asia excludes China.

45

O U T L O O K

OUTLOOK FOR WORLD TPES


TPES Outlook by Fuel
(Mtoe)
20 000 18 000 16 000 14 000 12 000 10 000 8 000 6 000 4 000 2 000 0

CPS 1990

CPS 2008

CPS 450 PS 2015

CPS 450 PS 2020

CPS 450 PS 2025

CPS 450 PS 2035

Coal/peat Nuclear
CPS: Current Policy Scenario (based on current policies)

Oil* Hydro

Natural gas Other**

450 PS: 450 Policy Scenario*** (based on policies under consideration)

Fuel shares of TPES in 2035 for Current Policy Scenario and 450 Policy Scenario

CPS 2035
Hydro 2.4% Nuclear 6.0% Other** 11.8% Coal/peat 29.3% Hydro 3.5% Nuclear 11.2%

450 PS 2035
Other** 18.6% Coal/peat 16.7%

Natural gas 22.4%

Oil* 29.8%

Natural gas 20.0%

Oil* 25.6%

18 048 Mtoe

14 920 Mtoe

46

*Includes international aviation and international marine bunkers. **Other includes biofuels and waste, geothermal, solar, wind, tide, etc. ***Based on a plausible post-2012 climate-policy framework to stabilise the concentration of global greenhouse gases at 450 ppm CO2-equivalent.

TO 2035
20 000 18 000 16 000 14 000 12 000 10 000 8 000 6 000 4 000 2 000 0

(Source: IEA, World Energy Outlook 2010)

TPES Outlook by Region


(Mtoe)

CPS 1990

CPS 2008

CPS 450 PS 2015

CPS 450 PS 2020

CPS 450 PS 2025

CPS 450 PS 2035

OECD+*

OME*

OC*

Intl. bunkers**

CPS: Current Policy Scenario (based on current policies)

450 PS: 450 Policy Scenario*** (based on policies under consideration)

Regional shares of TPES in 2035 for Current Policy Scenario and 450 Policy Scenario

CPS 2035
OC* 26.5% Intl. bunkers** 2.6% OECD+* 33.2% OC* 26.7%

450 PS 2035
Intl. bunkers** 2.7% OECD+* 36.8%

OME* 36.9%

OME* 35.0%

18 048 Mtoe

14 920 Mtoe

47

*Please refer to the geographical coverage section for definitions of the regions. **Includes international aviation and international marine bunkers. ***Based on a plausible post-2012 climate-policy framework to stabilise the concentration of global greenhouse gases at 450 ppm CO2-equivalent.

E N E R G Y I N D I C A T O R S

Selected Indicators for 2009


Region/ Country/ Economy Population (million) 6 761 1 225 195 1 338 2 208 451 1 009 3.16 34.90 18.50 40.28 3.08 22.10 8.36 8.78 0.79 162.22 9.66 10.79 8.94 9.86 GDP GDP (PPP) Energy Net prod. imports (Mtoe) 1 644 -951 -580 305 203 -188 -452 0.48 -111.67 -88.84 -4.95 1.81 -172.99 20.99 -51.86 -5.58 4.98 22.21 49.59 1.57 -8.02 1.59 1.13 15.65 -15.58 TPES (Mtoe) Elec. CO2 cons.(a) emissions(b) (TWh) (Mt of CO2) 28 999(d) 12 045 1 509 2 497 6 877 3 153 975 928 2.70 92.52 12.92 166.61 4.26 394.88 63.37 25.22 22.82 50.66 60.79 100.70 4.15 12.87 19.09 4.18 337.80 8.12

(billion (billion (Mtoe) 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 39 674 29 633 782 752 3 169 2 486 1 957 896 5.88 76.41 24.30 397.95 4.00 535.23 218.36 20.22 13.67 78.23 24.70 260.83 3.24 11.76 8.14 7.96 6.82 64 244 32 114 1 433 2 835 12 434 9 094 3 769 2 565 18.16 226.31 53.87 624.85 15.63 703.82 263.22 76.40 17.91 330.48 93.18 317.71 10.08 27.79 33.13 18.88 8.14 12 292 3 807 1 561 1 645 2 085 1 310 751 1 133 1.25 152.29 100.96 80.82 0.82 310.70 11.40 64.56 17.55 24.84 4.05 15.32 2.00 14.19 4.47 0.94 230.31 18.94

World OECD Middle East China Asia Latin America Africa Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Benin Bolivia

12 150(c) 18 456 5 238 588 1 050 2 272 1 459 540 673 1.72 39.76 11.90 2.60 31.66 11.97 9.47 29.60 26.76 57.22 3.47 6.23 5.95 2.05 3.12 9 813 638 1 407 3 545 1 637 850 566 5.58 33.94 3.75 4.78 66.46 14.50 10.78 37.00 31.36 85.33 0.79 5.46 10.80 2.98 3.39

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia 335

74.25 110.52 131.07 243.96

Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.77 Botswana 1.95 Brazil Brunei Darussalam 193.73 0.40

856.02 1 652.10

240.16 426.34

48

(a) Gross production + imports exports losses. (b) CO2 emissions from fuel combustion only. Emissions are calculated using the IEA's energy balances and the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines.

TPES/ pop.

TPES/ GDP

TPES/ Elec. GDP (PPP) cons./pop. (kWh/ capita) 2 730 8 012 3 278 4 200 2 648 741 1 884 561 1768 973 203 2 744 1 551 11 038 7 947 1 651 13 625 228 3 245 7 908 88 553 2 868 1 528 2 201 8 485

CO2/ TPES (t CO2/ toe) 2.39 2.30 2.56 2.38 3.03 2.16 1.80 1.38 1.57 2.33 1.09 2.24 1.64 3.01 2.00 2.11 2.41 1.71 2.27 1.76 1.19 2.07 3.21 2.04 1.41 2.60

CO2/ pop.

CO2/ GDP

CO2/ GDP (PPP)

(toe/capita) (toe/000 (toe/000 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 1.80 4.28 3.03 3.14 1.70 0.66 1.20 0.67 0.54 1.14 0.64 1.84 0.84 5.93 3.79 1.36 11.97 0.18 2.77 5.30 0.39 0.63 1.58 1.05 1.24 7.81 0.31 0.18 0.75 1.40 0.72 0.59 0.28 0.75 0.29 0.52 0.49 0.19 0.65 0.24 0.14 0.59 0.69 0.38 1.08 0.22 1.07 0.53 0.73 0.26 0.28 0.46 0.19 0.16 0.41 0.37 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.26 0.09 0.18 0.22 0.12 0.17 0.19 0.12 0.16 0.53 0.09 0.29 0.18 0.34 0.22 0.18 0.11 0.15 0.38

(t CO2/ (kg CO2/ (kg CO2/ capita) 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 4.29 9.83 7.76 7.46 5.14 1.43 2.16 0.92 0.85 2.65 0.70 4.14 1.38 17.87 7.58 2.87 28.86 0.31 6.29 9.33 0.46 1.31 5.07 2.14 1.74 20.30 0.73 0.41 1.93 3.32 2.17 1.27 0.50 1.04 0.46 1.21 0.53 0.42 1.06 0.74 0.29 1.25 1.67 0.65 2.46 0.39 1.28 1.10 2.34 0.53 0.39 1.19 0.45 0.38 1.05 0.55 0.35 0.26 0.36 0.15 0.41 0.24 0.27 0.27 0.56 0.24 0.33 1.27 0.15 0.65 0.32 0.41 0.46

Region/ Country/ Economy

World OECD Middle East China Asia Latin America Africa Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Benin Bolivia

0.88 Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia

0.58 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.22 Botswana 0.20 1.00 Brazil Brunei Darussalam

(c) TPES for world includes international aviation and international marine bunkers as well as electricity and heat trade. (d) CO2 emissions for world include emissions from international aviation and international marine bunkers.

49

E N E R G Y I N D I C A T O R S

Region/ Country/ Economy

Population (million)

GDP

GDP (PPP)

Energy Net prod. imports (Mtoe)

TPES (Mtoe)

Elec. CO2 cons.(a) emissions(b) (TWh) (Mt of CO2) 42.21 4.26 4.79 520.75 64.93 6 831.60 250.11 60.56 1.66 2.87 6.27 6.09 19.77 26.84 7.46 109.84 46.78 18.07 28.48 175.41 6.79 0.47 14.66 7.42 55.01 354.30 1.70 5.68 750.19 9.02

(billion (billion (Mtoe) 2000 USD) 2000 USD)

Bulgaria 7.59 19.29 74.84 9.83 Cambodia 14.81 7.48 45.54 3.67 Cameroon 19.52 13.55 37.54 8.85 Canada 33.74 846.83 1 021.09 389.81 Chile 16.93 103.28 196.05 9.30 People's Rep. of China 1 331.46 2 937.55 12 194.40 2 084.94 Chinese Taipei 22.97 412.14 630.41 12.80 Colombia 45.66 141.65 420.98 99.15 Congo 3.68 4.67 5.25 15.28 Dem. Rep. of Congo 66.02 6.38 44.61 23.35 Costa Rica 4.58 23.09 46.48 2.71 Cote d'Ivoire 21.08 11.30 28.82 11.89 Croatia 4.43 28.35 63.14 4.07 Cuba 11.20 47.78 110.25 5.57 Cyprus 0.81 12.09 17.58 0.08 Czech Republic 10.51 75.87 206.01 31.20 Denmark 5.52 167.73 161.21 23.91 Dominican Republic 10.09 37.31 105.49 1.89 Ecuador 13.63 24.13 60.17 27.32 Egypt 83.00 152.36 362.18 88.19 El Salvador 6.16 15.81 34.76 3.16 Eritrea 5.07 0.83 4.75 0.56 Estonia 1.34 8.04 19.15 4.16 Ethiopia 82.83 16.62 110.21 30.37 Finland 5.34 141.16 153.98 16.55 France 64.49 1 472.79 1 702.03 129.50 Gabon 1.48 5.98 8.77 13.59 Georgia 4.26 5.26 16.23 1.26 Germany 81.88 1 998.65 2 243.18 127.09 Ghana 23.84 8.18 62.77 7.05

8.06 1.55 -2.19 -141.46 20.46 274.92 90.73 -65.90 -14.24 -0.41 2.31 -1.48 4.49 6.12 2.91 11.38 -3.74 6.27 -14.78 -15.00 2.03 0.16 1.20 2.30 18.35 134.38 -11.64 1.97 202.94 2.41

17.48 5.18 6.92 254.12 28.78 2 257.10 101.09 31.83 1.40 22.92 4.90 10.35 8.70 11.51 2.51 41.99 18.61 8.09 11.35 72.01 5.10 0.73 4.75 32.68 33.17 256.22 1.79 3.19 318.53 9.24

33.38 1.83 5.20 521.85 55.67 3 503.40 220.28 47.80 0.58 6.67 8.32 3.94 16.44 15.18 5.04 64.12 34.50 13.31 15.91 123.45 5.21 0.26 7.98 3.72 81.37 483.32 1.36 6.99 555.19 6.32

50

(a) Gross production + imports exports losses. (b) CO2 emissions from fuel combustion only. Emissions are calculated using the IEA's energy balances and the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines

TPES/ pop.

TPES/ GDP

TPES/ Elec. GDP (PPP) cons./pop. (kWh/ capita) 4 401 123 266 15 467 3 288 2 631 9 588 1 047 157 101 1 817 187 3 709 1 355 6 251 6 103 6 248 1 319 1 168 1 487 845 51 5 951 45 15 241 7 494 924 1 641 6 781 265

CO2/ TPES (t CO2/ toe) 2.41 0.82 0.69 2.05 2.26 3.03 2.47 1.90 1.18 0.13 1.28 0.59 2.27 2.33 2.98 2.62 2.51 2.23 2.51 2.44 1.33 0.65 3.09 0.23 1.66 1.38 0.95 1.78 2.36 0.98

CO2/ pop.

CO2/ GDP

CO2/ GDP (PPP)

(toe/capita) (toe/000 (toe/000 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 2.30 0.35 0.35 7.53 1.70 1.70 4.40 0.70 0.38 0.35 1.07 0.49 1.96 1.03 3.11 4.00 3.37 0.80 0.83 0.87 0.83 0.14 3.54 0.39 6.21 3.97 1.22 0.75 3.89 0.39 0.91 0.69 0.51 0.30 0.28 0.77 0.25 0.22 0.30 3.59 0.21 0.92 0.31 0.24 0.21 0.55 0.11 0.22 0.47 0.47 0.32 0.88 0.59 1.97 0.23 0.17 0.30 0.61 0.16 1.13 0.23 0.11 0.18 0.25 0.15 0.19 0.16 0.08 0.27 0.51 0.11 0.36 0.14 0.10 0.14 0.20 0.12 0.08 0.19 0.20 0.15 0.15 0.25 0.30 0.22 0.15 0.20 0.20 0.14 0.15

(t CO2/ (kg CO2/ (kg CO2/ capita) 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 5.56 0.29 0.25 15.43 3.84 5.13 10.89 1.33 0.45 0.04 1.37 0.29 4.46 2.40 9.26 10.45 8.47 1.79 2.09 2.11 1.10 0.09 10.94 0.09 10.30 5.49 1.15 1.33 9.16 0.38 2.19 0.57 0.35 0.61 0.63 2.33 0.61 0.43 0.36 0.45 0.27 0.54 0.70 0.56 0.62 1.45 0.28 0.48 1.18 1.15 0.43 0.57 1.82 0.45 0.39 0.24 0.28 1.08 0.38 1.10 0.56 0.09 0.13 0.51 0.33 0.56 0.40 0.14 0.32 0.06 0.13 0.21 0.31 0.24 0.42 0.53 0.29 0.17 0.47 0.48 0.20 0.10 0.77 0.07 0.36 0.21 0.19 0.35 0.33 0.14

Region/ Country/ Economy

Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Chile People's Rep. of China Chinese Taipei Colombia Congo Dem. Rep. of Congo Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Gabon Georgia Germany Ghana

51

E N E R G Y I N D I C A T O R S

Region/ Country/ Economy

Population (million)

GDP

GDP (PPP)

Energy Net prod. imports (Mtoe)

TPES (Mtoe)

Elec. CO2 cons.(a) emissions(b) (TWh) (Mt of CO2) 0.50 90.22 14.51 2.37 7.14 45.60 48.16 2.00 1 585.82 376.26 533.22 98.77 39.46 64.63 389.28 8.27 1 092.86 19.20 189.54 10.02 515.46 66.20 80.72 7.06 6.75 19.33 50.05 12.39 9.99 8.34

(billion (billion (Mtoe) 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 0.00 10.08 6.05 1.87 2.19 0.05 11.00 4.40 502.47 351.84 349.78 119.64 1.53 3.27 27.01 0.53 93.79 0.29 145.81 15.57 44.31 20.26 130.24 1.16 2.10 0.17 87.14 4.21 0.11 1.61

Gibraltar 0.03 0.84 0.88 Greece 11.28 168.11 265.88 Guatemala 14.03 26.06 61.07 Haiti 10.03 3.91 13.05 Honduras 7.47 10.31 31.92 Hong Kong (China) 7.00 231.34 2 39.51 Hungary 10.02 56.40 147.51 Iceland 0.32 11.22 10.46 India 1 155.35 874.94 4 566.96 Indonesia 229.97 258.49 938.71 Islamic Rep. of Iran 72.90 158.09 576.96 Iraq 28.95 23.01 31.46 Ireland 4.47 125.11 141.16 Israel 7.44 162.17 192.20 Italy 60.19 1 110.68 1 475.11 Jamaica 2.70 9.96 11.56 Japan 127.33 4 872.22 3 392.86 Jordan 5.95 14.86 35.38 Kazakhstan 15.89 37.75 133.48 Kenya 39.80 17.99 44.88 Korea 48.75 752.83 1 140.99 DPR of Korea 23.91 11.53 40.56 Kuwait 2.80 63.63 72.41 Kyrgyzstan 5.32 2.05 11.00 Latvia 2.26 11.21 27.08 Lebanon 4.22 26.78 25.83 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 6.42 52.02 70.70 Lithuania 3.34 17.21 45.99 Luxembourg 0.50 26.46 30.55 FYR of Macedonia 2.04 4.41 14.95

1.43 22.18 3.88 0.75 2.23 29.88 14.86 0.96 181.97 -153.64 -132.12 -86.75 13.20 19.43 141.21 2.72 384.46 7.50 -80.07 3.55 198.10 -1.00 -98.58 2.35 2.70 6.67 -66.40 4.18 4.26 1.25

0.16 29.44 9.84 2.60 4.41 14.94 24.86 5.22 675.83 202.00 216.20 32.17 14.34 21.55 164.63 3.26 471.99 7.45 65.84 18.72 229.18 19.27 30.17 3.01 4.22 6.63 20.41 8.39 3.95 2.78

0.17 62.51 7.69 0.35 5.05 41.49 37.82 16.33 689.54 140.11 167.69 33.22 26.91 49.46 317.25 5.13 997.40 12.49 71.59 5.82 437.73 17.76 46.60 7.46 6.48 13.14 26.12 11.46 7.18 7.08

52

(a) Gross production + imports exports losses. (b) CO2 emissions from fuel combustion only. Emissions are calculated using the IEA's energy balances and the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines.

TPES/ pop.

TPES/ GDP

TPES/ Elec. GDP (PPP) cons./pop. (kWh/ capita) 6 000 5 540 548 35 677 5 924 3 773 51 179 597 609 2 300 1 148 6 022 6 648 5 271 1 899 7 833 2 099 4 506 146 8 980 743 16 673 1 402 2 875 3 110 4 068 3 430 14 447 3 467

CO2/ TPES (t CO2/ toe) 3.06 3.06 1.47 0.91 1.62 3.05 1.94 0.38 2.35 1.86 2.47 3.07 2.75 3.00 2.36 2.54 2.32 2.58 2.88 0.54 2.25 3.44 2.68 2.34 1.60 2.91 2.45 1.48 2.53 3.00

CO2/ pop.

CO2/ GDP

CO2/ GDP (PPP)

(toe/capita) (toe/000 (toe/000 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 5.65 2.61 0.70 0.26 0.59 2.13 2.48 16.38 0.58 0.88 2.97 1.11 3.21 2.90 2.74 1.21 3.71 1.25 4.14 0.47 4.70 0.81 10.80 0.57 1.87 1.57 3.18 2.51 7.95 1.36 0.19 0.18 0.38 0.66 0.43 0.06 0.44 0.47 0.77 0.78 1.37 1.40 0.11 0.13 0.15 0.33 0.10 0.50 1.74 1.04 0.30 1.67 0.47 1.47 0.38 0.25 0.39 0.49 0.15 0.63 0.19 0.11 0.16 0.20 0.14 0.06 0.17 0.50 0.15 0.22 0.37 1.02 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.28 0.14 0.21 0.49 0.42 0.20 0.48 0.42 0.27 0.16 0.26 0.29 0.18 0.13 0.19

(t CO2/ (kg CO2/ (kg CO2/ capita) 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 17.26 8.00 1.03 0.24 0.96 6.51 4.80 6.26 1.37 1.64 7.31 3.41 8.83 8.69 6.47 3.06 8.58 3.23 11.93 0.25 10.57 2.77 28.88 1.33 2.99 4.58 7.80 3.71 20.10 4.08 0.60 0.54 0.56 0.61 0.69 0.20 0.85 0.18 1.81 1.46 3.37 4.29 0.32 0.40 0.35 0.83 0.22 1.29 5.02 0.56 0.68 5.74 1.27 3.45 0.60 0.72 0.96 0.72 0.38 1.89

Region/ Country/ Economy

0.57 Gibraltar 0.34 Greece 0.24 Guatemala 0.18 Haiti 0.22 Honduras 0.19 Hong Kong (China) 0.33 Hungary 0.19 Iceland 0.35 India 0.40 Indonesia 0.92 Islamic Rep. of Iran 3.14 Iraq 0.28 Ireland 0.34 Israel 0.26 Italy 0.72 Jamaica 0.32 Japan 0.54 Jordan 1.42 Kazakhstan 0.22 Kenya 0.45 Korea 1.63 DPR of Korea 1.11 Kuwait 0.64 Kyrgyzstan 0.25 Latvia 0.75 Lebanon 0.71 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 0.27 Lithuania 0.33 Luxembourg 0.56 FYR of Macedonia

53

E N E R G Y I N D I C A T O R S

Region/ Country/ Economy

Population (million)

GDP

GDP (PPP)

Energy Net prod. imports (Mtoe)

TPES (Mtoe)

Elec. CO2 cons.(a) emissions(b) (TWh) (Mt of CO2) 164.16 2.45 399.67 5.75 11.99 41.30 2.24 10.14 3.69 3.40 176.11 4.97 31.31 4.22 41.19 37.31 38.95 136.94 7.25 4.06 38.55 70.54 286.76 53.14 56.53 78.36 1 532.60 410.47 5.26 46.26

(billion (billion (Mtoe) 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 137.13 299.35 89.69 4.36 7.73 0.00 724.35 1 122.95 220.03 1.97 8.65 0.10 1.91 7.42 7.69 57.89 174.85 0.78 8.49 32.16 11.92 19.91 120.41 22.36 5.80 18.80 0.33 7.65 45.10 8.82 432.48 525.84 63.05 1.28 2.88 0.00 67.48 102.87 15.21 5.00 19.57 1.71 78.33 179.92 228.72 195.96 188.92 213.64 31.63 49.02 67.20 111.48 394.89 64.86 19.80 30.40 0.67 9.10 28.64 7.43 84.96 195.44 15.14 111.74 449.68 23.47 241.67 570.39 67.52 123.35 191.32 4.89 40.71 36.47 139.95 56.00 199.91 28.30 397.54 1 530.15 1 181.59 249.54 371.91 528.38 6.69 22.60 1.26 9.00 33.13 9.44

Malaysia Malta Mexico Republic of Moldova Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russian Federation Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia

27.47 0.42 107.44 3.60 2.67 31.99 22.89 50.02 2.17 29.33 16.53 0.20 4.33 5.74 154.73 4.83 2.85 169.71 3.45 6.35 29.17 91.98 38.15 10.63 1.41 21.48 141.90 25.39 12.53 7.32

-21.71 1.98 -42.34 2.37 -4.20 14.84 -2.07 -7.17 1.39 1.21 35.12 3.92 3.45 1.38 -122.01 -185.51 -51.03 19.84 2.60 -2.65 2.50 16.34 30.23 20.66 -115.07 6.62 -528.63 -371.80 1.87 4.89

66.83 0.80 174.64 2.45 3.24 15.08 9.77 15.06 1.71 9.96 78.17 2.12 17.40 3.09 108.25 28.24 15.06 85.52 3.10 4.75 15.83 38.84 93.99 24.10 23.82 34.41 646.91 157.85 2.94 14.45

101.00 1.83 217.66 3.63 3.83 23.90 10.36 4.94 3.53 2.68 113.99 1.09 40.34 2.62 18.62 113.72 15.52 76.61 6.01 6.70 32.67 54.42 137.00 51.19 23.04 48.69 870.33 199.12 2.37 30.93

54

(a) Gross production + imports exports losses. (b) CO2 emissions from fuel combustion only. Emissions are calculated using the IEA's energy balances and the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines.

TPES/ pop.

TPES/ GDP

TPES/ Elec. GDP (PPP) cons./pop. (kWh/ capita) 3 677 4 405 2 026 1 007 1 432 747 453 99 1 628 91 6 897 5 505 9 311 457 120 23 558 5 457 451 1 739 1 055 1 120 592 3 591 4 815 16 353 2 267 6 133 7 842 189 4 225

CO2/ TPES (t CO2/ toe) 2.46 3.06 2.29 2.35 3.70 2.74 0.23 0.67 2.15 0.34 2.25 2.35 1.80 1.37 0.38 1.32 2.59 1.60 2.34 0.85 2.44 1.82 3.05 2.21 2.37 2.28 2.37 2.60 1.79 3.20

CO2/ pop.

CO2/ GDP

CO2/ GDP (PPP)

(toe/capita) (toe/000 (toe/000 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 2.43 1.93 1.63 0.68 1.21 0.47 0.43 0.30 0.79 0.34 4.73 10.68 4.02 0.54 0.70 5.85 5.29 0.50 0.90 0.75 0.54 0.42 2.46 2.27 16.91 1.60 4.56 6.22 0.23 1.97 0.49 0.18 0.24 1.24 1.69 0.26 1.15 0.76 0.30 1.30 0.18 1.65 0.26 0.62 1.38 0.14 0.48 0.77 0.16 0.52 0.19 0.35 0.39 0.20 0.59 0.61 1.63 0.63 0.44 1.61 0.22 0.10 0.16 0.28 0.44 0.09 0.30 0.13 0.09 0.22 0.15 0.73 0.17 0.16 0.60 0.15 0.31 0.22 0.10 0.17 0.08 0.09 0.16 0.13 0.65 0.17 0.42 0.42 0.13 0.44

(t CO2/ (kg CO2/ (kg CO2/ capita) 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 5.98 5.89 3.72 1.59 4.49 1.29 0.10 0.20 1.70 0.12 10.66 25.10 7.23 0.73 0.27 7.73 13.69 0.81 2.10 0.64 1.32 0.77 7.52 5.00 40.12 3.65 10.80 16.17 0.42 6.32 1.20 0.56 0.55 2.91 6.27 0.71 0.26 0.51 0.64 0.45 0.41 3.88 0.46 0.84 0.53 0.19 1.23 1.23 0.37 0.45 0.45 0.63 1.19 0.43 1.39 1.40 3.86 1.64 0.79 5.14 0.55 0.32 0.36 0.66 1.62 0.24 0.07 0.08 0.20 0.08 0.33 1.72 0.30 0.22 0.23 0.20 0.79 0.35 0.24 0.14 0.20 0.16 0.50 0.28 1.55 0.39 1.00 1.10 0.23 1.40

Region/ Country/ Economy

Malaysia Malta Mexico Republic of Moldova Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russian Federation Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia

55

E N E R G Y I N D I C A T O R S

Region/ Country/ Economy

Population (million)

GDP

GDP (PPP)

Energy Net prod. imports (Mtoe)

TPES (Mtoe)

Elec. CO2 cons.(a) emissions(b) (TWh) (Mt of CO2) 44.83 33.17 15.15 369.37 283.37 12.66 13.26 41.71 42.42 59.80 2.77 6.26 227.80 1.12 40.17 20.78 256.31 48.77 256.39 147.04 465.80 5 195.02 7.74 112.36 154.57 114.07 22.18 1.69 8.66

(billion (billion (Mtoe) 2000 USD) 2000 USD)

Singapore 4.99 143.47 146.68 0.03 Slovak Republic 5.42 31.32 91.04 5.94 Slovenia 2.04 25.70 44.90 3.54 South Africa 49.32 181.92 527.98 160.64 Spain 45.93 713.36 1 054.60 29.72 Sri Lanka 20.30 25.03 102.14 5.09 Sudan 42.27 22.68 90.90 35.20 Sweden 9.30 286.27 287.08 30.35 Switzerland 7.80 286.30 261.12 12.77 Syrian Arab Republic 21.09 28.47 78.31 23.58 Tajikistan 6.95 1.73 8.83 1.50 United Rep. of Tanzania 43.74 16.24 31.54 18.05 Thailand 67.76 173.92 550.39 61.71 Togo 6.62 1.63 8.95 2.19 Trinidad and Tobago 1.34 14.11 20.21 44.00 Tunisia 10.43 29.27 90.38 7.81 Turkey 71.90 356.96 789.08 30.28 Turkmenistan 5.11 9.34 50.38 40.90 Ukraine 46.01 45.39 288.25 76.91 United Arab Emirates 4.60 118.06 116.64 168.80 United Kingdom 61.79 1 677.10 1 742.62 158.91 United States 307.48 11 357.07 11 357.07 1 686.40 Uruguay 3.35 29.91 42.35 1.52 Uzbekistan 27.77 24.79 66.51 60.69 Venezuela 28.38 160.02 191.23 203.53 Vietnam 87.28 58.84 298.94 76.64 Yemen 23.58 13.32 20.79 15.22 Zambia 12.94 5.19 13.47 7.24 Zimbabwe 12.52 4.65 19.78 8.53

58.92 11.25 3.43 -13.61 110.69 4.30 -18.34 17.76 15.64 -2.82 0.82 1.71 47.37 0.39 -23.57 1.60 70.25 -21.32 41.84 -93.21 55.08 559.01 3.12 -11.88 -129.22 -13.83 -8.00 0.66 0.97

18.48 16.72 6.97 144.04 126.52 9.28 15.82 45.41 26.95 22.50 2.32 19.62 103.32 2.63 20.26 9.20 97.66 19.58 115.47 59.59 196.76 2 162.92 4.09 48.81 66.90 64.05 7.56 7.86 9.51

39.65 26.69 12.45 223.52 275.74 8.44 4.85 131.50 62.11 31.32 13.47 3.73 140.49 0.65 7.57 13.69 165.09 12.18 147.39 79.54 351.80 3 961.56 8.93 45.43 89.45 78.93 5.11 8.08 12.80

56

(a) Gross production + imports exports losses. (b) CO2 emissions from fuel combustion only. Emissions are calculated using the IEA's energy balances and the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines.

TPES/ pop.

TPES/ GDP

TPES/ Elec. GDP (PPP) cons./pop. (kWh/ capita) 7 948 4 926 6 096 4 532 6 004 416 115 14 141 7 962 1 485 1 937 85 2 073 99 5 650 1 312 2 296 2 384 3 204 17 296 5 693 12 884 2 671 1 636 3 152 904 216 625 1 022

CO2/ TPES (t CO2/ toe) 2.43 1.98 2.17 2.56 2.24 1.36 0.84 0.92 1.57 2.66 1.19 0.32 2.20 0.43 1.98 2.26 2.62 2.49 2.22 2.47 2.37 2.40 1.89 2.30 2.31 1.78 2.93 0.22 0.91

CO2/ pop.

CO2/ GDP

CO2/ GDP (PPP)

(toe/capita) (toe/000 (toe/000 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 3.70 3.09 3.41 2.92 2.75 0.46 0.37 4.88 3.45 1.07 0.33 0.45 1.52 0.40 15.13 0.88 1.36 3.83 2.51 12.96 3.18 7.03 1.22 1.76 2.36 0.73 0.32 0.61 0.76 0.13 0.53 0.27 0.79 0.18 0.37 0.70 0.16 0.09 0.79 1.34 1.21 0.59 1.61 1.44 0.31 0.27 2.10 2.54 0.50 0.12 0.19 0.14 1.97 0.42 1.09 0.57 1.51 2.05 0.13 0.18 0.16 0.27 0.12 0.09 0.17 0.16 0.10 0.29 0.26 0.62 0.19 0.29 1.00 0.10 0.12 0.39 0.40 0.51 0.11 0.19 0.10 0.73 0.35 0.21 0.36 0.58 0.48

(t CO2/ (kg CO2/ (kg CO2/ capita) 2000 USD) 2000 USD) 8.99 6.12 7.42 7.49 6.17 0.62 0.31 4.48 5.44 2.84 0.40 0.14 3.36 0.17 30.00 1.99 3.57 9.54 5.57 31.97 7.54 16.90 2.31 4.05 5.45 1.31 0.94 0.13 0.69 0.31 1.06 0.59 2.03 0.40 0.51 0.58 0.15 0.15 2.10 1.60 0.39 1.31 0.69 2.85 0.71 0.72 5.22 5.65 1.25 0.28 0.46 0.26 4.53 0.97 1.94 1.67 0.33 1.86

Region/ Country/ Economy

0.31 Singapore 0.36 Slovak Republic 0.34 Slovenia 0.70 South Africa 0.27 Spain 0.12 Sri Lanka 0.15 Sudan 0.15 Sweden 0.16 Switzerland 0.76 Syrian Arab Republic 0.31 Tajikistan 0.20 United Rep. of Tanzania 0.41 Thailand 0.13 Togo 1.99 Trinidad and Tobago 0.23 Tunisia 0.32 Turkey 0.97 Turkmenistan 0.89 Ukraine 1.26 United Arab Emirates 0.27 United Kingdom 0.46 United States 0.18 Uruguay 1.69 Uzbekistan 0.81 Venezuela 0.38 Vietnam 1.07 Yemen 0.13 Zambia 0.44 Zimbabwe

Sources: Energy data: IEA. Population: OECD/World Bank. GDP and GDP(PPP) (in 2000 USD): OECD/World Bank/CEPII (Paris).

57

C O N V E R S I O N F A C T O R S

General conversion factors for energy


To: TJ multiply by: 1 4.1868 10
3

Gcal

Mtoe

MBtu

GWh

From: TJ Gcal Mtoe MBtu GWh

238.8 1 107 0.252 860

2.388 105 107 1 2.52 10


8

947.8 3.968 3.968 107 1 3412

0.2778 1.163 103 11630 2.931 104 1

4.1868 104 1.0551 10


3

3.6

8.6 105

Conversion factors for mass


From: kilogramme (kg) tonne (t) long ton (lt) short ton (st) pound (lb) To: kg multiply by: 1 1 000 1 016 907.2 0.454 0.001 1 1.016 0.9072 9.84 104 1.102 103 0.984 1 0.893 1.1023 1.120 1 5.0 104 2.2046 2 204.6 2 240.0 2 000.0 1 t lt st lb

4.54 104 4.46 104

Conversion factors for volume


From: U.S. gallon (gal) U.K. gallon (gal) barrel (bbl) cubic foot (ft3) litre (l) cubic metre (m3) To: gal U.S. gal U.K. multiply by: 1 1.201 42.0 7.48 0.2642 264.2 0.8327 0.02381 0.1337 1 34.97 6.229 0.220 220.0 0.02859 0.1605 1 0.1781 0.0063 6.289 5.615 1 0.0353 3.785 4.546 159.0 28.3 1 0.0038 0.0045 0.159 0.0283 0.001 1 bbl ft3 l m3

35.3147 1000.0

58

Selected country-specific net calorific values


Steam Coal*
Peoples Rep. of China United States India South Africa Australia Russian Federation Indonesia Kazakhstan Colombia Poland toe/tonne 0.530 0.543 0.441 0.563 0.688 0.599 0.616 0.444 0.650 0.549 Russian Federation Saudi Arabia United States Islamic Rep. of Iran Peoples Rep. of China Venezuela Mexico Nigeria Kuwait Iraq

Crude oil**
toe/tonne 1.005 1.016 1.033 1.019 1.000 1.069 1.081 1.021 1.016 1.023

*steam coal for the top-ten producers in 2010.

**crude oil for the top-ten producers in 2010.

Default net calorific values


Oil products
Refinery gas Ethane Liquefied petroleum gases Motor gasoline Aviation gasoline Gasoline type jet fuel Kerosene type jet fuel Kerosene Gas/diesel oil Fuel oil Naphtha White spirit Lubricants Bitumen Paraffin waxes Petroleum coke Non-specified oil products 1.182 1.182 1.098 1.051 1.051 1.027 1.027 1.027 1.017 0.955 1.051 1.041 1.003 0.931 0.955 0.764 0.955 1.149 1.180 1.130 1.070 1.070 1.070 1.065 1.046 1.017 0.960 1.075 1.027 1.003 0.955 0.955 0.764 0.955 OECD Europe* OECD Americas OECD Asia Oceania toe/tonne 1.149 1.180 1.139 1.065 1.065 1.065 1.063 1.024 1.017 1.017 1.032 1.027 1.024 0.927 0.955 0.807 0.955 1.149 1.180 1.130 1.070 1.070 1.070 1.065 1.046 1.034 0.960 1.075 1.027 1.003 0.931 0.955 0.764 0.955 Non-OECD

*Defaults for OECD Europe were also applied to non-OECD Europe and Eurasia countries.

59

C O N V E R S I O N F A C T O R S

Selected country-specific gross calorific values


Natural gas*
kJ/m3 Russian Federation United States Canada Islamic Rep. of Iran Qatar Norway Peoples Rep. of China Netherlands Indonesia Saudi Arabia 38 230 38 192 38 430 39 356 41 400 39 650 38 931 33 339 40 600 38 000

*for the top-ten producers in 2010. Note: to calculate the net calorific value, the gross calorific value is multiplied by 0.9.

Conventions for electricity


Figures for electricity production, trade, and final consumption are calculated using the energy content of the electricity (i.e. at a rate of 1 TWh = 0.086 Mtoe). Hydro-electricity production (excluding pumped storage) and electricity produced by other non-thermal means (wind, tide/wave/ocean, photovoltaic, etc.) are accounted for similarly using 1 TWh = 0.086 Mtoe. However, the primary energy equivalent of nuclear electricity is calculated from the gross generation by assuming a 33% conversion efficiency, i.e. 1 TWh = (0.086 0.33) Mtoe. In the case of electricity produced from geothermal heat, if the actual geothermal efficiency is not known, then the primary equivalent is calculated assuming an efficiency of 10%, so 1 TWh = (0.086 0.1) Mtoe.

60

GLOSSARY
C  oal/peat

C  oal/peat includes all coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite) and derived fuels (including patent fuel, coke ovencoke,gascoke,BKB,gasworksgas,cokeovengas,blast furnacegasandotherrecoveredgases).Peatisalsoincluded inthiscategory. C  rude oil comprises crude oil, natural gas liquids, refinery feedstocksandadditivesaswellasotherhydrocarbons. O  il products comprises refinery gas, ethane, LPG, aviation gasoline,motorgasoline,jetfuels,kerosene,gas/dieseloil,fuel oil,naphtha,whitespirit,lubricants,bitumen,paraffinwaxes, petroleumcokeandotheroilproducts. N  aturalgasincludesnaturalgas(excludingnaturalgasliquids). N  uclear shows the primary heat equivalent of the electricity produced by a nuclear power plant with an average thermal efficiencyof33%. H  ydro shows the energy content of the electricity produced in hydro power plants. Hydro output excludes output from pumpedstorageplants. B  iofuels and waste comprises solid biofuels, liquid biofuels, biogases, industrial waste and municipal waste. Biofuels are  definedasanyplantmatteruseddirectlyasfuelorconverted into fuels (e.g. charcoal) or electricity and/or heat. Included here are wood, vegetal waste (including wood waste and cropsusedforenergyproduction),ethanol,animalmaterials/ wastes and sulphite lyes. Municipal waste comprises wastes produced by residential, commercial and public services, that are collected by local authorities for disposal in a central locationfortheproductionofheatand/orpower. O  ther includes geothermal, solar, wind, tide/wave/ocean energy, electricity and heat. Unless the actual efficiency of thegeothermalprocessisknown,thequantityofgeothermal energy entering electricity generation is inferred from the electricity production at geothermal plants assuming an average thermal efficiency of 10%. For solar, wind and tide/wave/ocean energy, the quantities entering electricity generation are equal to the electrical energy generated. Directuseofgeothermalandsolarheatisalsoincludedhere. Electricityisaccountedforatthesameheatvalueaselectricity in final consumption (i.e. 1 GWh = 0.000086 Mtoe). Heat includesheatthatisproducedforsaleandisaccountedforin thetransformationsector.

Crude oil Oil products

Natural gas Nuclear

Hydro

Biofuels  and waste

Other

10

61

G L O S S A R Y

 Production

P  roduction is the production of primary energy, i.e. hard coal, lignite, peat, crude oil, NGLs, natural gas, biofuels and waste, nuclear, hydro, geothermal, solar and the heat from heat pumps that is extracted from the ambient environment. Productioniscalculatedafterremovalofimpurities(e.g.sulphur fromnaturalgas). I mports and exports comprise amounts having crossed the national territorial boundaries of the country, whether or not customsclearancehastakenplace.
a) Oil and natural gas Q  uantities of crude oil and oil products imported or exported under processing agreements (i.e. refining on account) are included.Quantitiesofoilintransitareexcluded.Crudeoil,NGL and natural gas are reported as coming from the country of origin;refineryfeedstocksandoilproductsarereportedascoming fromthecountryoflastconsignment.Re-exportsofoilimported for processing within bonded areas are shown as exports of productfromtheprocessingcountrytothefinaldestination. b) Coal/peat

 Imports and exports  

 

I mports and exports comprise the amount of fuels obtained fromorsuppliedtoothercountries,whetherornotthereisan economic or customs union between the relevant countries. Coalintransitisnotincluded.
c) Electricity A  mounts are considered as imported or exported when they havecrossedthenationalterritorialboundariesofthecountry.

   International marine bunkers

I nternational marine bunkers covers those quantities delivered to shipsofallflagsthatareengagedininternationalnavigation.The internationalnavigationmaytakeplaceatsea,oninlandlakesand waterways,andincoastalwaters.Consumptionbyshipsengaged indomesticnavigationisexcluded.Thedomestic/internationalsplit isdeterminedonthebasisofportofdepartureandportofarrival, and not by the flag or nationality of the ship. Consumption by fishingvesselsandbymilitaryforcesisalsoexcluded.

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International I nternationalaviationbunkerscoversdeliveriesofaviationfuelsto  aviation bunkers aircraft for international aviation. Fuels used by airlines for their roadvehiclesareexcluded.Thedomestic/internationalsplitshould be determined on the basis of departure and landing locations and not by the nationality of the airline. For many countries this incorrectly excludes fuel used by domestically owned carriers for theirinternationaldepartures.

Stock changes

S  tock changes reflects the difference between opening stock levelsonthefirstdayoftheyearandclosinglevelsonthelast dayoftheyearofstocksonnationalterritoryheldbyproducers, importers,energytransformationindustriesandlargeconsumers. Astockbuildisshownasanegativenumber,andastockdraw asapositivenumber. T  otalprimaryenergysupply(TPES)ismadeupofproduction+ importsexportsinternationalmarinebunkersinternational aviation bunkers  stock changes. For the world total, internationalmarinebunkersandinternationalaviationbunkers arenotsubtractedfromTPES. T  ransfersincludesbothinterproducttransfers,productstransferred andrecycledproducts. S  tatistical differences includes the sum of the unexplained statisticaldifferencesforindividualfuels,astheyappearinthe basic energy statistics. It also includes the statistical differences thatarisebecauseofthevarietyofconversionfactorsinthecoal/ peatandoilcolumns. E  lectricity plants refers to plants which are designed to produce electricityonly.IfoneormoreunitsoftheplantisaCHPunit(and theinputsandoutputscannotbedistinguishedonaunitbasis) then the whole plant is designated as a CHP plant. Both main activityproducersandautoproducerplantsareincludedhere. C  ombined heat and power plants refers to plans which are t  designed to produce both heat and electricity, sometimes referredasco-generationpowerstations.Ifpossible,fuelinputs and electricity/heat outputs are on a unit basis rather than on a plant basis. However, if data are not available on a unit basis,theconventionfordefiningaCHPplantnotedaboveis adopted.Bothmainactivityproducersandautoproducerplants areincludedhere. H  eatplantsreferstoplants(includingheatpumpsandelectric boilers)designedtoproduceheatonly,whichissoldtoathird party under the provisions of a contract. Both main activity producersandautoproducerplantsareincludedhere. B  last furnaces contains inputs to and outputs of fuels from blast furnaces. G  as works is treated similarly to electricity generation, with the quantityproducedappearingasapositivefigureinthecoal/peat column or the natural gas column after blending with natural gas,inputsasnegativeentriesinthecoal/peatandoilproducts columns,andconversionlossesappearinginthetotalcolumn.

 Total primary energy supply (TPES)

Transfers Statistical  differences

 Electricity plants

 Combined heat and power plants

Heat plants

Blast furnaces Gas works

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63

G L O S S A R Y

 Coke ovens

C  okeovenscontainslossesintransformationofcoalfromprimary tosecondaryfuelsandfromsecondarytotertiaryfuels(hardcoal tocokeandpatentfuel,lignitetoBKB,etc.). O  il refineries shows the use of primary energy for the manufacture of finished oil products and the corresponding output.Thus,thetotalreflectstransformationlosses.Incertain casesthedatainthetotalcolumnarepositivenumbers.This canbeduetoeitherproblemsintheprimaryrefinerybalance ortothefactthattheIEAusesregionalnetcalorificvaluesfor oilproducts. P  etrochemical plants covers backflows returned from the petrochemicalindustry.Notethatbackflowsfromoilproducts that are used for non-energy purposes (i.e. white spirit and lubricants)arenotincludedhere,butinnon-energyuse.

Oil refineries

 Petrochemical plants

Liquefaction plants Liquefaction plants includes diverse liquefaction processes,  suchascoalliquefactionplantsandgas-to-liquidplants. Other  transformation Energy industry  own use

O  ther transformation covers non-specified transformation not shownelsewhere,suchasthetransformationofprimarysolid biofuelsintocharcoal. E  nergy industry own use contains the primary and secondary energy consumed by transformation industries for heating, pumping, traction and lighting purposes [ISIC 05, 06, 19 and 35,Group091andClasses0892and0721]. L  ossesincludeslossesinenergydistribution,transmissionand transport.

Losses

 T  otalfinalconsumption(TFC)isthesumofconsumptionbythe Total final consumption (TFC) different end-use sectors. Backflows from the petrochemical industryarenotincludedinfinalconsumption. Industry

I ndustry consumption is specified in the following subsectors (energyusedfortransportbyindustryisnotincludedherebut reportedundertransport):

     

. . . . . .

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Ironandsteelindustry[ISICGroup241andClass2431]; C  hemical and petrochemical industry [ISIC Divisions 20 and21]excludingpetrochemicalfeedstocks; N  on-ferrou  metals basic industries [ISIC Group 242 and s  Class2432]; N  on-metallicmineralssuchasglass,ceramic,cement,etc. [ISICDivision23]; Transportequipment[ISICDivisions29and30]; M  achinerycomprisesfabricatedmetalproducts,machinery and equipment other than transport equipment [ISIC Divisions25to28];

Industry (ctd.)       

. . . . . . .

M  ining (excluding fuels) and quarrying [ISIC Divisions 07 and08andGroup099]; Foodandtobacco[ISICDivisions10to12]; Paper,pulpandprinting[ISICDivisions17and18]; W  ood and wood products (other than pulp and paper) [ISICDivision16]; Construction[ISICDivisions41to43]; Textileandleather[ISICDivisions13to15]; N  on-specified (any manufacturing industry not included above)[ISICDivisions22,31and32].

Transport

T  ransportincludesallfuelsusedfortransport[ISICDivisions49 to 51]. It includes transport in industry and covers domestic aviation, road, rail, pipeline transport, domestic navigation and non-specified transport. Fuel used for ocean, coastal and inlandfishing(includedunderfishing)andmilitaryconsumption (included in other non-specified) are excluded from transport. Pleasenotethatinternationalmarineandinternationalaviation bunkersarealsoincludedhereforworldtotal. O  ther covers residential, commercial and public services [ISIC Divisions33,36-39,45-47,52,53,55,56,58-66,68-75,77-82, 84 (excluding Class 8422), 85-88, 90-99], agriculture/forestry [ISIC Divisions 01 and 02], fishing [ISIC Division 03] and nonspecifiedconsumption. N  on-energyusecoversthosefuelsthatareusedasrawmaterials in the different sectors and are not consumed as a fuel or transformed into another fuel. Non-energy use also includes petrochemicalfeedstocks.Non-energyuseisshownseparately infinalconsumptionundertheheadingnon-energyuse.

Other

 Non-energy

use

Unit abbreviations
bcm billioncubicmetres kWh kilowatthour MBtu millionBritishthermalunits Mt PPP TJ toe milliontonnes purchasingpowerparity metricton=tonne=1000kg terajoule tonneofoilequivalent=107kcal Mtoe milliontonnesofoilequivalent

Gcal gigacalorie GCV grosscalorificvalue GW gigawatt GWh gigawatthour kcal kg kJ kilocalorie kilogramme kilojoule

kb/cd thousandbarrelspercalendarday t

TWh terawatthour

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65

G L O S S A R Y

GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE
OECD* A  ustralia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,France,Germany,Greece,Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, theSlovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey,theUnitedKingdomandtheUnitedStates. B  ahrain,IslamicRepublicofIran,Iraq,Jordan,Kuwait,Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, United Arab EmiratesandYemen. A  lbania,Armenia,Azerbaijan,Belarus,BosniaandHerzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia, Gibraltar, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia**, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. PeoplesRepublicofChinaandHongKong(China). B  angladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Chinese Taipei, India, Indonesia, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore,SriLanka,Thailand,VietnamandOtherAsia. A  rgentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras,Jamaica,NetherlandsAntilles,Nicaragua,Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela andOtherLatinAmerica. A  lgeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Cte dIvoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Zambia,ZimbabweandOtherAfrica. O  ECDcountriesandthoseEUcountriesthatarenotmembers oftheOECD(i.e.Bulgaria,Cyprus,Latvia,Lithuania,Maltaand Romania). B  razil,China,India,Indonesia,RussianFederationandMiddle East. WorldexcludingOECD+andOME.

Middle East

Non-OECD  Europe and Eurasia

China Asia

Latin America

Africa

OECD + 

OME (Other  Major Economies) OC (Other Countries)

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* OECD includes Estonia and Slovenia starting in 1990. Prior to 1990, data for these two countries are included in Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia. ** Includes Montenegro until 2004 and Kosovo until 1999. Note: The countries listed above are those for which the IEA Secretariat has direct statistics contacts.

STATISTICS

PUBLICATIONS

Ten Annual Publications


Energy Statistics of OECD Countries, 2011 Edition
No other publication offers such in-depth statistical coverage. It is intended for anyone involved in analytical or policy work related to energy issues. It contains data on energy supply and consumption in original units for coal, oil, natural gas, biofuels/ waste and products derived from these primary fuels, as well as for electricity and heat. Complete data are available for 2008 and 2009 and supply estimates are available for the most recent year (i.e. 2010). Historical tables summarise data on production, trade and final consumption. Each issue includes definitions of products and flows and explanatory notes on the individual country data. Published July 2011 - Price e120

Energy Balances of OECD Countries, 2011 Edition


A companion volume to Energy Statistics of OECD Countries, this publication presents standardised energy balances expressed in million tonnes of oil equivalent. Energy supply and consumption data are divided by main fuel: coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, hydro, geothermal/solar, biofuels/waste, electricity and heat. This allows for easy comparison of the contributions each fuel makes to the economy and their interrelationships through the conversion of one fuel to another. All of this is essential for estimating total energy supply, forecasting, energy conservation, and analysing the potential for interfuel substitution. Complete data are available for 2008 and 2009 and supply estimates are available for the most recent year (i.e. 2010). Historical tables summarise key energy and economic indicators as well as data on production, trade and final consumption. Each issue includes definitions of products and flows and explanatory notes on the individual country data as well as conversion factors from original units to tonnes of oil equivalent. Published July 2011 - Price e120

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Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries, 2011 Edition


This publication offers the same in-depth statistical coverage as the homonymous publication covering OECD countries. It includes data in original units for more than 100 individual countries and nine main regions. The consistency of OECD and non-OECD countries detailed statistics provides an accurate picture of the global energy situation for 2008 and 2009. For a description of the content, please see Energy Statistics of OECD Countries above.

Published August 2011 - Price e120

Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries, 2011 Edition


A companion volume to the publication Energy Statistics of NonOECD Countries, this publication presents energy balances in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent and key economic and energy indicators for more than 100 individual countries and nine main regions. It offers the same statistical coverage as the homonymous publication covering OECD countries, and thus provides an accurate picture of the global energy situation for 2008 and 2009. For a description of the content, please see Energy Balances of OECD Countries above. Published August 2011 - Price e120

Electricity Information 2011


This reference document provides essential statistics on electricity and heat for each OECD member country by bringing together information on production, installed capacity, input energy mix to electricity and heat production, input fuel prices, consumption, end-user electricity prices and electricity trades.

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Published August 2011 - Price e150

Coal Information 2011


This well-established publication provides detailed information on past and current evolution of the world coal market. It presents country-specific statistics for OECD member countries and selected non-OECD countries on coal production, demand, trade and prices. This publication represents a key reference tool for all those involved in the coal supply or consumption stream, as well as institutions and governments involved in market and policy analysis of the world coal market.

Published August 2011 - Price e165

Natural Gas Information 2011


A detailed reference work on gas supply and demand, covering not only the OECD countries but also the rest of the world. Contains essential information on LNG and pipeline trade, gas reserves, storage capacity and prices. The main part of the book, however, concentrates on OECD countries, showing a detailed gas supply and demand balance for each individual country and for the three OECD regions, as well as a breakdown of gas consumption by end-user. Import and export data are reported by source and destination. Published August 2011 - Price e165

Oil Information 2011


A comprehensive reference book on current developments in oil supply and demand. The first part of this publication contains key data on world production, trade, prices and consumption of major oil product groups, with time series back to the early 1970s. The second part gives a more detailed and comprehensive picture of oil supply, demand, trade, production and consumption by enduser for each OECD country individually and for the OECD regions. Trade data are reported extensively by origin and destination. Published August 2011 - Price e165

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Renewables Information 2011


This reference document brings together in one volume essential statistics on renewables and waste energy sources. It presents a detailed and comprehensive picture of developments for renewable and waste energy sources for each of the OECD member countries, encompassing energy indicators, generating capacity, electricity and heat production from renewable and waste sources, as well as production and consumption of renewable and waste products.

Published August 2011 - Price e110

CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion, 2011 Edition


In order for nations to tackle the problem of climate change, they need accurate greenhouse gas emissions data. This publication provides a basis for comparative analysis of CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion, a major source of anthropogenic emissions. The data in this book are designed to assist in understanding the evolution of the emissions of CO2 from 1971 to 2009 for more than 140 countries and regions by sector and by fuel. Emissions were calculated using IEA energy databases and the default methods and emissions factors from the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

Published November 2011 - Price e165

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Two Quarterlies
Oil, Gas, Coal and Electricity, Quarterly Statistics
This publication provides up-to-date, detailed quarterly statistics on oil, coal, natural gas and electricity for the OECD countries. Oil statistics cover production, trade, refinery intake and output, stock changes and consumption for crude oil, NGL and nine selected oil product groups. Statistics for electricity, natural gas and coal show supply and trade. Import and export data are reported by origin and destination. Moreover, oil as well as hard coal and brown coal production are reported on a worldwide basis.

Published Quarterly - Price e120, annual subscription e380

Energy Prices and Taxes


This publication responds to the needs of the energy industry and OECD governments for up-to-date information on prices and taxes in national and international energy markets. It contains prices at all market levels for OECD countries and certain non-OECD countries: import prices, industry prices and consumer prices. The statistics cover the main oil products, natural gas, coal and electricity, giving for imported products an average price both for importing country and country of origin. Every issue includes full notes on sources and methods and a description of price mechanisms in each country.

Published Quarterly - Price e120, annual subscription e380

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Electronic Editions
CD-ROMs and Online Data Services
To complement its publications, the Energy Statistics Division produces CD-ROMs containing the complete databases which are used for preparing the statistics publications. State-of-the-art software allows you to access and manipulate all these data in a very user-friendly manner and includes graphic facilities. These databases are also available on the internet from our online data service.
n

Annual CD-ROMS / Online Databases

Energy Statistics of OECD Countries, 1960-2010 Price: e550 Energy Balances of OECD Countries, 1960-2010 Price: e550 Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries, 1971-2009 Price: e550 Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries, 1971-2009 Price: e550 Combined subscription of the above four series Price: e1 400 Electricity Information 2011 Coal Information 2011 Natural Gas Information 2011 Oil Information 2011 Renewables Information 2011 CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion, 1971-2009
n

Price: e550 Price: e550 Price: e550 Price: e550 Price: e400 Price: e550

Quarterly CD-ROMs / Online Databases


Price: (four quarters) e900

Energy Prices and Taxes

A description of this service is available on our website: http://data.iea.org All the annual and quarterly online databases are also accessible over the internet on a pay-per-view basis. The databases can be accessed either for a single data point or for time series.

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Other Online Services


The Monthly Oil Data Service
The IEA Monthly Oil Data Service provides the detailed databases of historical and projected information which is used in preparing the IEA monthly Oil Market Report (OMR). The IEA Monthly Oil Data Service comprises three packages available separately or combined as a subscriber service on the Internet. The data are available at the same time as the official release of the Oil Market Report. The packages include: Supply, Demand, Balances and Stocks Trade Field-by-Field Supply Complete Service Price: e6 000 Price: e2 000 Price: e3 000 Price: e9 000

A description of this service is available on our website: http://www.iea.org/stats/mods.asp

The Monthly Gas Data Service


The Monthly Gas Data Service provides monthly natural gas data for OECD countries: supply balances in terajoules and cubic metres; production, trade, stock changes and levels where available, gross inland deliveries, own use and losses; highly detailed trade data with about 50 imports origins and exports destinations; LNG trade detail available from January 2002. The databases cover the time period January 1984 to current month with a time lag of two months for the most recent data. Monthly Gas Data Service: Natural Gas Balances & Trade Historical plus 12 monthly updates Price: e800 A description of this service is available on our website: http://data.iea.org

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Moreover, the IEA statistics website contains key energy indicators by country, graphs on the world and OECDs energy situation evolution from 1971 to the most recent year available, as well as selected databases for demonstration. The IEA statistics site can be accessed at: http://www.iea.org/ statistics/

Note: The prices quoted for Electronic Editions are for single-user licences. Please contact us for information on multi-user licence prices.

For more information, please feel free to contact the Energy Statistics Division of the IEA by E-mail: stats@iea.org Phone: 33 (0)1 40 57 66 25. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 9, rue de la Fdration, 75739 Paris Cedex 15 - France

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Oil Market Report


Each month, the primary source of data on supply, demand, stocks, prices and refining
Since its appearance in 1983, the International Energy Agencys Oil Market Report (OMR) has become the definitive source of information on world oil market fundamentals, covering supply, demand, OECD stocks, prices and refining as well as OECD and selected non-OECD trade. The OMR provides the most extensive, up-to-date statistical data available on current world oil market trends. It is the first and exclusive source to present official government statistics from all OECD countries, as well as selected data from non-OECD countries. The main market movements of the month are highlighted in a convenient summary, while detailed analysis explains recent market developments and provides an insight into the months ahead. It is the only regular short-term analysis of the oil industry available based on information obtained from the extensive IEA network of contacts with government and industry. The OMR provides both historical data and supply/demand forecasts for the year ahead. Featuring tables, graphs and statistics, it provides all the data and analysis necessary to track the oil market and to identify trends in production, consumption, refining, inventories in OECD countries and prices for both crude and products. Additionally, subscribers to the OMR receive a copy of the annual Medium-Term Oil & Gas Market (MTOGM) which examines key industry themes. These include the impact of the global economic slowdown on oil demand, upstream and downstream investment levels, the likely pace of development of biofuels and nonconventional oil supplies and oil price formation. The MTOGM provides detailed supply and demand forecasts for crude oil and oil products looking five years forward, and since its inception in 2006 the report has become a standard industry reference.

To subscribe electronically, please see our website at

www.oilmarketreport.org
Annual subscription rate for single electronic copy: _2 000 75

World Energy Outlook 2011


What impact will the return of high energy prices have on the fragile economic recovery? Will geopolitical unrest, price volatility and policy inaction defer investment in the oil sector and amplify risks to our energy security? What will renewed uncertainty surrounding the role of nuclear power mean for future energy and environmental trends? Is the gap between our climate actions and our climate goals becoming insurmountable? World Energy Outlook 2011 tackles these and other pressing questions. The latest data, policy developments, and the experience of another turbulent year are brought together to provide robust analysis and insight into global energy markets. WEO-2011 once again gives detailed energy demand and supply projections out to 2035, broken down by region, fuel, sector and scenario. This year it also gives a special focus to topical energy sector issues: Russian energy prospects and their implications for global markets. The role of coal in driving economic growth in an emissionsconstrained world. The implications of a possible downturn in oil and gas sector investment in the Middle East and North Africa. Climate change lock-in and the room to manoeuvre to meet the 2oC goal. Reforms to fossil fuel subsidies and support for renewable energy. A Lower-Nuclear Case to investigate what a rapid slowdown in the use of nuclear power would mean for the global energy landscape. Investment and financing options to achieve modern energy access for all. With extensive data, projections and analysis, WEO-2011 provides invaluable insights into how the energy system could evolve over the next quarter of a century. The book is essential reading for anyone with a stake in the energy sector.

For more information please see: www.worldenergyoutlook.org

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Order now at www.iea.org/books or by emailing books@iea.org Price: _150

NOTES

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NOTES

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OECD/IEA, 2011

International Energy Agency (IEA)


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Please note that this publication is subject to specific restrictions that limit its use and distribution. The terms and conditions are available online at http://www.iea.org/about/copyright.asp

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