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Salazar, Maida P.

BSEd- IIA/ BioSci

Educ 5 Mrs. Banasihan

Educational System of Selected Countries of the World


Name of Country Australia Description of each Level School starts with a preparatory year before Year 1, which is not compulsory. Primary schooling starts with Year 1 and either ends after Year 6 or 7, depending on the local area or state. After having finished primary school, the students enter secondary school Starting Year 7 (or alternatively with Year 8) and leaves secondary school after Year 12. Higher Education The Australian higher education system counted 39 universities, 1 overseas university, 4 self-accrediting higher education institutions and other non-self-accrediting higher education providers. The amount of students ranges from 3,000 up to 50,000, of which 20 percent of them are International. The academic year starts from February and Levels of Education Basic Level Special Features The education system is governed by each state individually. But the main stages of education are the same: school education is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 16 (Year 1 to 10) and it comprises 13 years in total.

Not only universities form the major part of the higher tertiary education, but also the Technical and Further Education colleges in Australia (TAFES) are accredited as higher education institutions. They provide a wide range of courses includes subjects such as hospitality, tourism, construction etc. The TAFEs accredit Certificate, Diploma and Associated Degrees after having completed 1 to 2 years. Afterwards, the

China

Basic Education

terminates in December. It is divided into 4 terms per year in most states and territories. Basic education in China includes preschool education, primary education and regular secondary education.

students are eligible to obtain further qualifications at the level of university. Academic secondary education is delivered by academic lower and upper middle schools. Lower middle school graduates wishing to continue their education take a locally administered entrance exam, on the basis of which they will have the option either of continuing in an academic upper middle school or of entering a vocational secondary school. Vocational schools offer programs ranging from two to four years and train mediumlevel skilled workers, farmers, and managerial and technical personnel. Technical schools typically offer four-years programs to train intermediate technical personnel. Schools for Skilled Workers typically train junior middle school graduates for positions requiring production and operation skills. The length of training is typically three year. Chinese higher education at the undergraduate level is divided into threeyear and four-year programs. The former is offered not only at short-

Higher Education Higher education at the undergraduate level includes twoand three-year junior colleges (sometimes also called short-

cycle colleges, fouryear colleges, and universities offering programs in both academic and vocational subjects.

Japan

Basic Education Structure of Japanese Educational System

Education is free and compulsory for children from 6 to 15 years. Classes are large and teaching methods is usually lecture.

Higher Education Junior colleges by women who want to purse courses stress home economics, nursing, teaching, humanities and social science. South Africa Basic Education Schooling is compulsory through grade 9, but under the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) students may opt at the successful completion of grade 9 to obtain their General Education and Training Certificate and to pursue employment or technical training at Further Education and Training (FET) Institutions.

cycle colleges, but frequently also at fouryear colleges and universities. The latter is offered at four-year colleges and universities but do not always lead to the bachelors degree. Standard curriculum includes Japanese language, social studies, math and science along with art, music, home economics, physical education, the most emphasis being given to learning the Japanese language. The entire educational systems seem to be built on a principle that if you do well in exams, you will get into good schools or universities and automatically into a good life-time job. Those continuing into senior secondary school for grades 10-12 sit the nationally set and moderated matriculation examinations, or an approved alternative such as the Independent Examinations Board (IEB) test series, to obtain the National Senior Certificate (NSC) at the end of grade 12. From grade 10, senior secondary students must take 7 subjects, 4 of which must be English, a second South African language, Life

England

Basic Education

The compulsory education is enforced to students from age of 5 till 16 for almost 12 years. Primary education between ages 5 to 11 is provided by combined infant and junior school. 2 years of education from age of 5 is provided by infant and rest 4 years of education by the junior school.

Higher Education Higher education is provided by three main types of entities: universities, colleges and institutions of higher education and art and music colleges. All universities are

Orientation, and either Mathematics or Mathematical Literacy. The remaining 3 courses are selected from 27 options, which range from Accounting, Art (which includes theory and history), Business Economics and Computer Technology, to Tourism and Woodworking. Courses in science (Physical or Life Science) are optional, as are the social sciences (History, Economics and Geography). There are lots of different school to provide the secondary education between ages 11 and 16. Few among these schools are comprehensive school, city Technology College, grammar school, and modern secondary school. After obtaining the secondary school leaving certificate student can join the sixth form to study for 2 years and obtain a General Certificate of Education Advanced Level. An undergraduate degree lasts for 3 to 4 years depending on the course. Degrees are offered in arts, science, engineering, management, and also music. A bachelors honors degree is

United State of America

autonomous institutions, particularly in matters relating to courses. The academic year starts from September and ends in July following a long vacation till the forthcoming September. Basic Education The preschool education starts at the age of 4 and runs for 2 years which is not compulsory. The elementary school starts with age of six at grade 1 and goes until successful completion of grade 5. The middle school education lasts for another 3 years till grade 8 and the high school education lasts for 4 years till the age of 18 often referred as college or junior college. The compulsory education differs from state to state. Few states have compulsory education from age 6 to 15 and some other states have compulsory education till the end of 12th grade. Higher Education There are about 4500 higher educational institutions which includes Universities,

awarded as first, second or third class degrees.

The curriculums of the school are not universally governed rather by the state education council. Most of the states have physical education as a compulsory part of curriculum. Home schooling is also quite often practiced in the country. Students can take their classes in the home with teachers or mentors and later appear for the school exam and clear them and move on to the next class. Even at the school level there are elective courses including arts, athletics, computers, and foreign languages. The grading system also differs from state to state.

The HEIs are rated on the basis of quality of education, living standard, and career opportunities by the

France

Colleges, and junior colleges. The regulations and curriculum for HEIs are monitored and often funded by the US department of education. The total funding runs into billions of USD every year. Basic Education The official compulsory education starts at the age of 6 but more often kids of age 2 or 3 are admitted in the play school or preschool education. The nursery classes are very important where they introduce the kids to the process of reading. At the age of six kids join the formal primary schools where not more than 2 teachers teach all the subjects including mathematics, science and French. Higher Education There are two types of higher educational institutions in France, one being the universities which can offer degrees of all disciplines and the other being professional higher educational institutions with selective admission policies. There exist several institutes for

numerous new weekly and media.

other

This system is not the best one but still is practiced successfully. The primary education is complete after grade 6. The primary education is followed by lower secondary from grade 7 to 10. The higher secondary education is of 2 years, Grade 11 and 12 which can also be substituted by 3 years of vocational education to enter the university formally.

The institutes of poly technique are also considered as universities. The Grand ecole degrees are considered superior and claiming admission is also not considered easy. The examinations are very demanding and selective.

India

Basic Education

political science, education training, foreign languages and scientific teaching. The Primary education in India is considered a basic right and also compulsory. The secondary education spans for a duration of 5 more years. The focus of study is narrower in higher secondary which lasts for 2 years, grade 11 and 12.

The primary education is completely free in government run schools and the highest grade is grade 5 in primary after which a student should qualify to move to secondary schools. The Qualification exam after standard 10 will decide the direction of studies that could be taken in Higher secondary. The fields of study include science, mathematics and science for engineering, commerce and vocational education.