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Ethics and Values

for the officers of APCPDCL


Part - 2
Facilitator: Prof. V. Viswanadham Viswam.vangapally@gmail.com

Viswam.vangapally@gmail.com

Are these values or, are they

eternal ?

subject to change,
with changing times ? .... as in the case of fashions ?

Are these values

universal ?

[ uniformly applicable to all ~

irrespective of
religion, caste, creed, age, gender, and so on ? ]

Kerala

In gods creation, it is believed that there are 84 lakhs of species ~ with

human life
topping the list.

The human being is blessed with a mind the thinking faculty, & viveka the faculty of discrimination.

Kerala

Everybody today seems to be in such a terrible rush, anxious for greater developments and greater riches and so on,

~ parents have very little time for each other; parents have not much time for their children; -

and in the home begins the disruption of peace of the world


Mother Theresa
6 Kerala

Kerala

10

Kerala

11

Kerala

Politics Science Commerce Wealth Worship

Principles Humanity Morality Work Compassion

Pleasure
Education

Conscience
Character

Educations purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one. - Malcolm Forbes

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Satyam vada; Dharmam cara; Satyanna pramaditavyam; Dharmanna pramaditavyam; Kusshalanna pramaditavyam; Bhutyai na pramaditavyam; Swadhyayapracvacanabhyam na pramaditavyam.

Tell the Truth; Act according to the instructions of the Scriptures;

Never deviate from Truth; Never deviate from Dharma; Dont neglect taking necessary steps for self-defence; Dont be negligent where your own interests are at stake; Dont neglect reading the scriptures and teaching them to others.

From Taittiriya Upanisad Chapter 11

Learn to Distinguish

If you pursue evil with pleasure, the pleasure passes away and the evil remains. If you pursue good with labour, the labour passes away but the good remains. - Marcus Tullius Cicero
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Love for
Fear of

GOD SIN
Socia

Mor a

l it y

Love for
Fear of

SIN GOD

Social

MORA

LITY

Morality cannot be legislated but behaviour can be regulated. Judicial decrees may not change the heart, but they can restrain the heartless. - Martin Luther King, Jr.
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The essence of good behaviour is thinking about whats also good for others.

- Noah benShea

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Why do you hasten to remove anything which hurts your eye, while if something affects your soul you postpone the cure until later ? - Horace
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Are you ready for some thinking ?


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Estimation Over and Under estimation consequences Impact on our attitude Impact on our behaviour Why an awareness of Ethics and Values helps in shaping our attitude and moulding our behaviour ? ~ for our own benefit, for others benefit, and both for the Short-term and Long-term benefit of everyone ?
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Please read

Vivekanandas
HIS CALL TO THE NATION Rs. 4

LOVE
IN SPEECH

THE MOST BASIC HUMAN VALUE

IN UNDERSTANDING

IN ACTION
IN THOUGHT IN UNDERSTANDING

STAR

T THE DAY WITH

LOVE

SPEND THE DAY WITH L O V E FILL THE DAY WITH L O V E

END THE DAY WITH L O V E


~ THAT IS THE WAY

Help Ever Hurt Never

Human values have their roots in a single, universally-held premise: the inherent dignity of every human being.

The measure of a mans real character is what he would do if he knew he would never be found out. - Thomas B. Macaulay

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character integrity objectivity pursuit of truth concentration purity of [ t+w+a ] truthfulness patience self-mastery

commitment punctuality equality orderliness simplicity honesty humility absence of anger cleanliness etc.,

character integrity objectivity pursuit of truth concentration purity of [ t+w+a ] truthfulness patience self-mastery

commitment punctuality equality orderliness simplicity honesty humility absence of anger cleanliness etc.,

An individuals self-concept is the core of his personality. It affects every aspect of human behaviour: the ability to learn, the capacity to grow and change. - Joyce brothers
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Why to EXCEL in Work ?


How to EXCEL in Work ?

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1. WHERE ARE WE NOW ?

2. WHERE DO WE WANT TO GO ?
3. HOW WILL WE GET THERE?

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Is your attitude,
generally speaking,

POSITIVE or NEGATIVE ?

Why is it BETTER
to be POSITIVE ?

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BECAUSE YOU WILL BE HAPPY


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If you release a black balloon, will it fly ?

It is whats INSIDE that counts

Its not the color of the balloon. It is whats inside that makes it go up.

ATTITUDE contributesto Success ATTITUDE contributes to Success


A study attributed to Harvard University found that

When a person gets a job or a promotion

85% - because of his attitude, and only 15% - of the time because of intelligence and knowledge of
facts & figures.

David & Goliath

Goliath: Why dont you stand up and fight the Giant ?

Others : Dont you see he is too big to hit ? Goliath: No. He is not too big to hit.

He is too big to Miss.

Same Giant, different perceptions !!!

ATTITUDE is the foundation


The Calgary Tower has a total weight of 10,884 tons, of which 6,349 tons

i.e. 60% is below ground.

Just like a great building stands on a great foundation, so does success. And the foundation of success is ATTITUDE !

Why dont we Change ?

Change is Uncomfortable. Change can often be Stressful. Change seems Impossible.

We prefer to stay Negative.

How do you build a Positive ATTITUDE ?

Awareness of principles that build a positive attitude. Desire to be positive.

Discipline and dedication to practice those principles.

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Conscious and continuous efforts are required to

INCR

EA SE
58

DECREASE
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. ATTITUDE Towards
ATTITUDE TOWARDS ?

Others
Work Wealth World Worship Winning Wisdom Worry Service Learning Love Self

Mother Motherland Women / Men

SUCCESS
depends on

ATTITUDE

SUCCESS
depends on

ATTITUDE
[and not RESOURCES]
Please REFLECT and ACT
With grateful thanks adapted by Prof. V. Viswanadham

The difference between the poor countries and the rich ones is the age of the country.

NOT

This can be explained : Countries like India & Egypt, are thousands of years old and yet are poor.

On the other hand,

Canada, Australia and New Zealand,


that were unknown few hundreds of years ago today are developed countries and are rich.

The difference between poor and rich countries does not reside in the available natural resources.

Japan
has a limited territory, 80% mountainous, prone to earthquakes, inadequate for agriculture & cattle raising, but it is the second world economy. The country is like an immense floating factory, importing raw material from the whole world and exporting manufactured products.

Switzerland
Does not plant cocoa but has the best chocolate of the world. In its little territory they raise animals and plant the soil during 4 months per year, but they produce dairy products of the best quality. It is a small country that transmits an image of security, order & labor, which made it the worlds

strong safe.

What then is the contributing factor ?


Significant intellectual differences ? Surely, Indians are not intellectually inferior.

The difference lies

in the

attitude of the
People.

On comparing and analyzing the attitudes and behavior of the people, we find that

a great majority
of the rich and developed countries follow the following principles in their lives:

1. Values and Ethics 2. Integrity. 3. Responsibility. 4. Respect for the laws & rules. 5. Respecting the rights of other citizens. 6. Work loving honest and hardworking. 7. Strive for saving & investment. 8. Will of super action. 9. Punctuality.

In poor countries,
it is generally observed that only a small minority follow

these basic principles in their daily life.

We are not poor because we lack natural resources or because we are intellectually inferior.

We are poor because we lack the right

attitude.

ATTITUDE
Positive Attitude Negative Attitude

STRESS
Eustress Distress

CULTURE
Strong Culture Weak Culture

ATTITUDE

An enduring disposition to consistently respond in a given manner

Attitudes are the result of choices you make; decisions to believe not to believe.

Any fact facing us is not as important as our attitude toward it, for that determines our success or failure
Peale

Let us have a look at

JAPAN

10 THINGS TO
EMULATE FROM

JAPAN

Not a single visual of chest-beating or wild grief. Sorrow itself has been elevated

THE CALM

By dcamacho | DeviantArt

Disciplined queues for water and groceries. Not a rough word or a crude gesture

THE DIGNITY

By Mshades | Flickr

The incredible architects, for instance. Buildings swayed but didnt fall.

THE ABILITY

By nodoca | Flickr

People bought only what they needed for the


present, so everybody could get something.

THE GRACE

By ArkanGL | Flickr

No looting in shops. No honking and no


overtaking on the roads. Just understanding.

THE ORDER

By LuisJouJR | Flickr

Fifty workers stayed back to pump sea water in


the N-reactors. How will they ever be repaid?

THE SACRIFICE

By Sue Ann Simon | Flickr

Restaurants cut prices. An unguarded ATM is left alone. The strong cared for the weak.

THE TENDERNESS

By Joel Abroad | Flickr

The old and the children, everyone knew exactly what to do. And they did just that.

THE TRAINING

By MJ/TR () | Flickr

They showed magnificent restraint in the bulletins. No silly reporters. Only calm reportage.

THE MEDIA

By St Stev | Flickr

When the power went off in a store, people put things back on the shelves and left quietly.

THE CONSCIENCE

By sorarium | Flickr

Is there

Anything
that

WE CAN DO ?

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WHAT IS THE POWER OF POSITIVE THINKING

WILL

CLEAN THE COBWEBS OF


BAD HABITS

WILL

CLEAR THE ENTRENCHED


NEGATIVE EMOTIONS

WILL

CORRECT THE DEMOTIVATING


WRONG ATTITUDES

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INTRODUCE JUST A LITTLE BIT OF

UNSELFISHNESS
&

THOUGHTFULNESS

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PAROPAKAARAH PUNYAAYA
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PAPAAYAAH PARAPEEDANAM
98

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You are your Thoughts Choices Decisions

W. A. T. C. H.
W= WORDS

A =
T = C = H =

ACTIONS
THOUGHTS CHARACTER HEAD & HEART

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We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts we make the world. Speak or act with an impure mind, And trouble will follow you As the wheel follows the ox that draws the cart. Speak or act with a pure mind, And happiness will follow you As your shadow, unshakable. - Buddha
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Why do we need a discussion about Ethics and Values ? To appreciate the need for

WORK ETHICS

WORK ETHICS

WORK ETHICS
It is a set of values

based on hard work and diligence. It is a belief in the moral benefit of work and its ability to enhance character. It includes being reliable, having initiative and maintaining social skills, honesty and accountability.

In essence, WORK ETHICS implies :


Before You Act -- Is this fair ?

ASK:

Is this legal ?
Is it against the policy ? Could the action cause loss or harm to

anyone ?

If everyone I knew saw me,

would I feel uncomfortable ?

Principles of Personal Ethics


Concern for the well-being of others

Respect for the autonomy of others


Trustworthiness & honesty Willing compliance with law Basic justice; being fair Doing good benevolence Preventing harm

Evaluating Ethical Actions

9
TESTS

Actions can be evaluated using a variety of tests

1. Harm Test

Benefits

Harms

Do the benefits outweigh the harms, short term and long term?

2. Reversibility Test

Would I think this was a good choice if I traded places?

3. Colleague Test

What would my professional colleagues say?

4. Legality Test

Would my choice violate a law or policy of my employer?

5. Publicity Test

How would my choice look on the front page of a Newspaper?

6. Common Practice Test

What if everyone behaved this way?

7. Wise Relative Test

What would my wise old aunt or uncle do? or


Would I want them to know what I am doing?

8. The Hiding Test

Do I want others to know what Im doing?

And Finally, 9. the Self-Respect Test

How will I feel about myself after making this choice?

decisions based on how we feel about what we do.

But all these tests promote

However, the best decision is to

Do the right thing because it is the right thing to do.

Sow a thought, reap an act. Sow an act, reap a habit. Sow a habit, reap a character. Sow a character, reap an eternal destiny.

During my eighty seven years, I have witnessed a whole succession of technological revolutions. But none of them has done away with the need for character in the individual or the ability to think. - Bernard M. Baruch
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He who has health* has hope, and he who has hope has everything.
*Health ~ Physical, Mental, Emotional and Spiritual

The greatest revolution of our generation is the discovery that human beings, by changing the inner attitudes of their minds, can change the outer aspects of their lives.
William James

If there is righteousness in the heart, there will be beauty in character. - Unknown


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A Small Step can make

big difference

If you

dont practice you dont gain.


If you practice You gain. . . .

Ag

ain. . .

and

Ag

ai

Is SPIRITUALITY necessary ?
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SPIRITUALITY
helps you to Forget the demotivating, divisive, and destructive forces.
Mera Bharath Mahan

Concentrate

and promote motivating, unifying, and constructive forces.

What can one person do ?

What can

one seed do !?!

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Attitude is everything.
.

Is communication important in our life ?

Thought--Feeling--Action--Results---

We cannot all do great things, but we can do small things with great love.
Mother Theresa

Always look for the positive.

The best index to a persons character is: a) how he treats people who cant do him any good, and b) how he treats people who cant fight back. - Abigail Van Buren
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Do you feel that we all should be concerned about values ?

144

Now shall we think of some home work for the rest of our

LIFE ?
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Can we relax think of our childhood and in case you are given a second chance to live again What are the things you will repeat, and what are the things you will not do, and what are the things you will never do again, etc.
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Why not we decide to

stop doing a thing

NOW

which is not good and which we have been doing all these days ?
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Similarly, why not we decide

to do

NOW

something,

which we know to be good, and have all the while been hesitating to start doing ?

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Deshamunu Preminchumanna Manchiannadi Penchumanna Vottimatalu Kattipettoy Gattimel Talapettavoy

Love your Motherland Do your bit to increase the Good Stop the habit of merely talking Contemplate on doing real Good

GOOD LUCK

Please visit:

www.archive.org
and search for

POOLABATA
to read freely
5 publications in Telugu and 2 publications in English relating to Personality Development Also, please search for Deshamunu Preminchumanna for a small booklet in Telugu

For the sake of record

As on 9th Jan 2013

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800 of his speeches to www.archive.org.


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times.
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Communication Skills - was downloaded,


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