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Averages and Mixtures

Aptitude Classes

Question 1
The average sales of Mahalakshmi Motors
from
January to June is 150 units. lts average sales
from July to October is 240 units. What is the
average sales (in units) for the months
November and December, if the average
sales
for the year is 200 units?
(A) 180 (B) 240 (C) 220 (D) 270

Question 2
The average runs scored by Rahane in the test
matches he played till now is 84. If eight
matches where the average runs was 18 are
not
considered then his average runs scored
increased by 24. How many test matches did
he
play till now?
(A) 24

(B) 30

(C) 20

(D) 32

Question 3
The average of rst fourteen numbers in a set
of thirty numbers is 9. The average of last
fourteen numbers in the set is 5. Find the
fteenth number of the set, if the sixteenth
number is 7 and the average of the thirty
numbers is 7.
(A) 5 (B) 9 (C) 7 (D) 11

Question 4
What is the average cost of
manufacturing the
article, if the xed cost of producing
5000 units
is Rs.40,000 and the variable cost is
Rs.5 per
article?
(A) Rs.12 (B) Rs.7 (C) Rs.5 (D) Rs.13

Question 5
In a class, there are 50 students in which
40 are
boys and the rest are girls. The average
weight
of the students in the class is 44 kg and the
average weight of the girls is 40 kg. Find
the
average weight of the boys (in kg).
(A) 45

(B) 40 (C) 50

(D) 46

Question 6
The average of 25 observations is 120.
By
mistake one of the observations, 144,
is taken
as 169. Find the average of the 25
observations,
after the mistake is corrected.
(A) 120 (B) 119 (C) 125 (D) 132

Question 7
20 years ago, when Ravis parents got
married,
their average age was 23 years. Now the
average age of Ravis family of three
members
is 34 years. What is Ravis present age
(in years)?
(A) 15

(B) 18

(C) 10

(D) 16

Question 8
The average salary of 15 senior executives in
an
office is Rs.70,000 whereas the average salary
of the junior executives in that office is
Rs.10,000. lf the average salary of all the
employees in the office is Rs.30,000, then nd
the number of junior executives in the office.
(A) 30

(B) 25

(C) 16

(D) 40

Question 9
The price of petrol per litre in three
consecutive
years
is
Rs.40,
Rs.50
and
Rs.60
respectively. If
Ramesh spends Rs.24,000 every year on
petrol,
what is the average price of petrol per litre
(approximately in ?)?
(A) 52

(B) 50

(C) 48 (D) 49

Question 10
There are exactly 35 students who go to a
mess. If
7 new students are admitted, the expenditure
of
The mess is increased by Rs.42 per day and
the
average expenditure per head is decreased by
Rs.1. What is the original expenditure of the
mess?
(A) Rs.400

(B) Rs.360 (C) Rs.920 (D) Rs.420

Question 11
The average marks scored by 120 students
is
35. The average marks of the students who
passed is 39 and that of the failed students
is
15. What is the number of students who
passed
in the exam?
(A) 50

(B) 96

(C) 80

(D) 100

Question 12
The average of 10 different values is
485. lf
three values are increased by 20 each
and one
value is decreased by 10, what is the
new
average of the 10 values?
(A) 460 (B) 480 (C) 490 (D) 500

Question 13
Three vessels contain milk solutions with the
concentrations of milk as 0.2, 0.4 and 0.5
respectively. Solution of ve litres from the rst,
three litres from the second, two litres from the
third are mixed respectively. What is the ratio of
milk and water in the resultant mixture?
(A) 16:39 (B) 16:5
(C)4:5 (D)8:17

Question 14
A container has acid solution, with acid and water
in
the ratio 8 : 5. How much water should be added to
this solution such that the resultant solution
contains
acid and water in the ratio 4 : 3. Given that after
adding water, the total quantity of solution
becomes
70 litres?
(A) 10 litres (B) 15 litres
(C) 5 litres (D) 0 litres

Question 15
How many kilograms of freely
available sand
must be added to 30 kgs of wheat
worth Rs.20
per kg such that a prot of 10% is
made on
selling the mixture at Rs16.50 per kg?
(A) 12

(B) 10

(C) 15

(D) 5

Question 16
How many litres of 48% dye solution
be mixed
with 80 litres of 55% dye solution such
that the
resultant solution contains 53% dye?
(A) 32

(B) 48

(C) 24

(D) 40

Question 17
How many litres of 73% concentration
dye
solution be mixed with 52 litres of 87%
concentration dye solution to get a
resultant
solution of 81% concentrated dye
solution?
(A) 26

(B) 42

(C) 39

(D) 36

Question 18
An amount of Rs.18,000 is lent under simple
interest partly at 8% p.a. and remaining at
14%
p.a. for one year. If the total interest earned at
the end of one year is Rs. 1800, then how
much
more amount is invested at 8% p.a. than at
14%
p.a.?
(A)Rs.10,000 (B) Rs.12,000
(C) Rs.8,000 (D) Rs.6,000

Question 19
A shopkeeper has 50 kgs of rice, part
of which he sells at 8% prot and the
rest at 18% prot. On the whole, he
gains 14% prot. What quantity of
rice is sold at 18% prot?
(in kgs)
(A) 40

(B) 35

(C) 30

(D) 45

Question 20
A barrel contains 300-litres of pure
wine. From this 30 litres of wine is
replaced with water. This process is
repeated two more times. Find the
concentration of the wine in the
resultant solution.
(A) 72.9%
(B) 81%
(C) 90%
(D) 66.66%