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B.

Tech Aerospace
Engineering
Semester (3)
Term Paper

Avionics Systems
Instruments

By
Michael Bseliss

AVIONICS
The electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial
satellites, and spacecraft
Avionic systems include communications, navigation,
the display and management of all systems that are
fitted to aircraft to perform individual functions

1. Basic Flight Instruments

1. Basic Flight Instruments

To display information about:


Heading
Altitude
Airspeed
Rate of turn
Rate of climb (or descent)
Attitude (relative to the horizon)

1. Basic Flight Instruments

Altimeter
Indicates the aircrafts height above a reference level
(usually mean sea level)

1. Basic Flight Instruments

Attitude Indicator
Displays the aircrafts attitude relative to the horizon

1. Basic Flight Instruments

Magnetic Compass
Indicates the aircrafts heading relative to magnetic
north

1. Basic Flight Instruments

Airspeed Indicator
Displays the speed of the aircraft (in knots) relative to
the surrounding air

1. Basic Flight Instruments

Vertical Speed Indicator


Indicates rate of climb or descent (in feet per minute or
meters per second) by sensing changes in air pressure

2. Cabin Pressurization

2. Cabin Pressurization

The crew and passengers cant breath without the need


for extra oxygen

3. Air Conditioning System

3. Air Conditioning System

Human body is unable to withstand the effects of a lowpressure atmosphere, thats why the AC and
pressurization system is a vital component of modern
flight

4. Aircraft Fuel System

Aircraft Fuel System

Enables fuel to be loaded, stored, managed and delivered


to the propulsion system

Fuel Tank
Location

5. Autopilot System

5. Autopilot System

An autopilot is a mechanical, electrical, or hydraulic system


used to guide an aircraft without assistance from the pilot

5. Autopilot System

All autopilot systems contain the same basic components:


1. Gyro: To sense what the aircraft is doing.
2. Servo: To move the Flight Control Surfaces.
3. An amplifier: To increase the strength of gyro signals
enough to operate the servos.
4. A controller: To allow manual control of the aircraft through
the autopilot system.

5. Autopilot System
Flight Control System

6. Electrical Power System

6. Electrical Power System

Batteries are used for both


aircraft startup and as an
emergency source of
power

Thank you