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Do you eat

meals
regularly?

Did you eat


the right food
you need for
good health?

Are you
getting the
nutrients you
needs from the
food you eat?

Were you be
able to follow
most of the
nutritional
guidelines?

Maybe most
of you
answered
YES but how
about them?

What can you


say about
them?

Quick
Facts

13.5% of the population


are undernourished.
30.3% of children under
5 years old are too short
for their age.
3% of children under 5
years old die of hunger.

Lets learn some


terms
DEFINITION OF IMPORTANT TERMS

MALNUTRI
TION

a medical condition caused


by an improper or insufficient
diet or imbalanced diet.
a category of diseases that
includes undernutrition,
obesity and overweight, and
micronutrient deficiency
among others.

DIET

a pattern of eating
includes what a
person eats, how
much a person eats,
and when a person
eats.

POOR
NUTRITION

UNDER-NUTRITION Not enough calories


for energy Inadequate
nutrients
OVER-NUTRITION - Too
many calories
obesity Wrong kinds of
food - malnutrition

NUTRIENT

chemicals that an
organism needs to live
and grow
substances used in an
organisms
metabolism which
must be taken from its
environment.

TYPES OF
NUTRIENT
S

MACRONUTRIENTS
needed in larger quantities
chemical elements
(carbon, hydrogen,
nitrogen, oxygen,
phosphorous and sulfur)
chemical compounds
(carbohydrates, proteins
and fats)

TYPES OF
NUTRIENT
S

MICRONUTRIENTS
needed in very small
amounts

Usually minerals
and vitamins

TYPES OF
NUTRIENT
S

ESSENTIAL
NUTRIENTS
Cannot be produced
internally
Must be consumed
from the environment

TYPES OF
NUTRIENT
S

NON- ESSENTIAL
NUTRIENTS
Can be produced by
the body
Can also be absorbed
from consumed food

Substances That
Provide Energy

Carbohydr
ates

compounds made up of
types of sugars.
monosaccharides (glucose
and fructose)
disaccharides (sucrose
and lactose)
oligosaccharides
polysaccharides ( starch,
glycogen, cellulose)

Proteins

organic compounds that


consist of amino acids.
Enzymes and many
hormones of the body are
proteins.
required for the growth and
repair of body tissues such
as muscles, blood, skin and
hair.

consist of a glycerin molecule with


three fatty acids:

Fats

Saturated Fatty acids- found in


dairy products and in butter, palm
oil, coconut oil and in meat
Unsaturated Fatty Acids- avocado,
nuts, and soybean, canola, and olive
oils

Essential Fatty Acids- supplied by


food intake

falls under the category of


carbohydrates

Fiber

does not provide the same


number of calories as
carbohydrates
not processed the way that
other sources of
carbohydrates are.