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MBE 10203: PSIKOLOGI PENDIDIKAN DALAM PTV

PROF. DR MAIZAM BINTI ALIAS

FATIN AFIQAH BINTI TAUFEK GB 180079 MUHSINAH BINTI MAHATHIR GB 170106


MUHAMMAD NURSYAFIQ BIN ISMAIL GB 180055 NURHAZIQAH BINTI HAMZAH GB180069
NURUL FARHANA BINTI AYOB GB180032 SYAFIQA AFIRA BINTI ABDUL RAHMAN GB180057

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
PHYSICAL COGNITIVE SOCIAL MORAL
 During 4 months: Eye  Babies are creating new  Pre-intellectual social  No difference between
movement.[1] connections and pathways speech.[3] doing the right thing and
 During 6 months: Sitting, when interact with  Speech used for social avoid punishment.[4]
crawling, holding environment.[6] change.[3]
objects.[1]  Enactive: Physical action.  Basic Trust vs. Mistrust:
[6] develop an essential
INFANCY trustfulness of others.[2]

 Start walking and running.  Activity can improve child  Autonomy versus shame  Approach with a new
 Ability to hold a spoon.[??] explore in interpersonal and doubt [6] friends with a good
 Child is developing relationship.[1]  Initiative versus guilt [6] behaviour through an
physically and discovering  Use of symbols to  Believes to follow the activities.[1]
that they has many skills understand the words.[2] behaviour with same  Have sense of initiative
and abilities to try the  Use of concept to sorting genres.[4] and feel secure to make
something new.[1] objects.[3]  Adults should play an decision.[1]
 Learn through pictures active role in assisting the  Parents have to be a good
concepts with simple child learning .[5] supportive, to prevents
instruction.[5] them from feeling down
 Learn by observe.[4] and guilty.[1]
PRESCHOOL  Thinking follow those
people it perceives as
similar. [4]

 Weight gain speed up.  Gain knowledge through  Industry versus  More flexible when faced
 Improve hand and eye reading and writing.[2] inferiority [6]. with disappointment.[6]
coordination.  Learns through abstract  Language helps to control  Enjoy being rewarded for
 Permanent teeth begin to symbol .[10] their behavior.[3] their efforts.[6]
appear and physical skills  Brave to represent their  Enjoy socializing and  Develop a more mature
to play. word and idea.[10] sharing humor. [3] sense of right and
 Muscle coordination skills  Ability to learn multiple  Spoken out loud.[3] wrong.[6]
and begin to ride two language.[10]  Morality built by
ELEMENTARY wheel bicycle. punishment or rewards.[6]

 Experience rapid  The Formal Operational  Identity versus role  Conventional morality is
growth[6] Stage.[6] confusion.[6] characterized by an
 Size of body increases [6].  Think abstractly and  Forming peer and start to acceptance of society's
 Reach puberty [6]. reason hypothetical.[6] show interest with other conventions concerning
 Achieve maturation of  Begin to use deductive sex [6] right and wrong.[7]
reproductive system and logic.[6]  Differentiation of  Good intentions as
muscle coordination [6].  Symbolic Information behaviour and determined by social
 Achieving physical stored in form of consciousness.[6] consensus.[7]
MIDDLE maturity [6] code/symbol.[6]  Authority and social order
YEARS  Equip with skill needed obedience driven.[7]
for occupation[6]

 Males grow in muscle  Resolve problems  Maturity develop.[2]  Start making decision
while females experience systematically.[6]  Identity versus role based on right and
a higher body fat.  Utilizes abstract, logical confusion.[6] wrong.[1]
 Change in puberty and formal thinking.[6]  Social interactions gained  Morality based on
 Hormonal balance shift in relation to the social principle mutual
strongly. environment.[6] benefit.[1]
 Establishing mature  Equipping self with skills
relationships with peers needed for productive
of both sexs.[1] occupation.[1]
ADOLESCENCE
REFERENCE
[1] https://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html [4] https://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html [6] Ee Ah Meng. KURSUS PERGURUAN LEPAS IJAZAH ILMU PENDIDIKAN
[2] https://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html [5] https://www.simplypsychology.org/bruner.html Pengetahuan dan Ketrampilan Ikhtisas (Semestar I) (2003). Penerbit
[3] https://www.britannica.com/biography/Jean-Piaget [??] dari ziqa Fajar Bakti Sdn Bhd.
[7] http://www.psychologydiscussion.net/theory/kholbergs-theory/kholbergs-theory-of-moral-development-psychology/13405