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# COMPUTER AIDED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

## BUNAWAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL Volume I

By: Mr. Arnelson C Derecho

ARITHMETIC SERIES

## Candle lightingA celebration

The African-American

celebration of Kwanzaa involves the lighting of candles every night for seven nights. The first night one candle is lit and blown out.

## The second night a new

candle and the candle from the first night are lit and blown out. The third night a new candle and the two candles from the second night are lit and blown out.

## This process continues for

the seven nights. We want to know the total number of lightings during the seven nights of celebration.

## Arithmetic Series ARITHMETIC SERIES

Arithmetic Series For every sequence, there is an associated sum called a series.

## 1, 4, 7, Arithmetic Sequence 1 + 4 + 7 + Arithmetic Series

An arithmetic series is the sum of the terms of an arithmetic sequence.

Arithmetic Series
Sn is the symbol used to

represent the first n terms of a series. Given the sequence 1, 11, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, find S4 We add the first four terms 1 + 11 + 21 + 31 = 64

Arithmetic Series
What if we wanted to find

S100 for the sequence in the last example. It would be a pain to have to list all the terms and try to add them up. Lets figure out a formula!! :)

## Sum of Arithmetic Series

Lets find S7 of the sequence 1,

## Sum of Arithmetic Series

S7 =7/2(8) What do these numbers

## The General Arithmetic Sequence

In general, the sum of an arithmetic series may be written as:

n sn a t n 2
n - number of terms a - first term tn - last term

Use this when you know the first term, last term, and the number of terms. tn = a + (n - 1)d

n Sn a a (n 1)d 2
tn
Use this when you dont know the last term.

n sn 2a n 1d 2

Note:
To write out a series and

compute a sum can sometimes be very tedious. Mathematicians often use the greek letter sigma & summation notation to simplify this task.
EXAMPLE

## 2S6 = 26 + 26 + 26 + 26 + 26 + 26 = 6 (26) = 6 (3 + 23) Number of terms

6 S6 3 23 2
First term of the sequence

in the sequence

In general:

## Last term of the sequence

n (a + tn) Sn = 2

## The General Arithmetic Sequence

In general, the sum of an arithmetic series may be written as:

n sn a t n 2
n - number of terms a - first term tn - last term

Use this when you know the first term, last term, and the number of terms. tn = a + (n - 1)d

n Sn a a (n 1)d 2
tn
Use this when you dont know the last term.

n sn 2a n 1d 2

Finding the Sum of an Arithmetic Series Find the sum of the first 12 terms of 27 + 24 + 21 + .

n sn 2a n 1d 2

S12 = 12[2(27) + (12 - 1)(-3)] 2 The sum of the = 6[54 - 33] first 12 terms = 6(21) is 126. = 126 Determine the sum of 5 + 9 + 13 + . + 33. n sn a t n a=5 tn = a + (n-1)d The sum 2 d = 4 33 = 5 + (n - 1)(4) 8 tn = 33 33 = 5 + 4n - 4 s8 5 33 is 152. 2 32 = 4n = 4(38) 8=n = 152

a = 27 n = 12 d = -3

Finding the Sum of an Arithmetic Series Find the sum of all the multiples of 6 between 24 and 396. 24 + 30 + 36 + . + 396 tn = a + (n - 1)d 396 = 24 + (n - 1)(6) 396 = 24 + 6n - 6 396 = 18 + 6n 378 = 6n 63 = n
a = 24 d=6 tn = 396

n sn a t n 2 63 s63 24 396 2
S63 = 13 230

TRY THIS..

A.50 C. 40

B. 55
SOLUTION

D. 60

NICE TRY

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