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X AND R CHART EXAMPLE

IN-CLASS EXERCISE

The following collection of data represents


samples of the amount of force applied in
a gluing process:
Determine if the process is in control
by calculating the appropriate upper and
lower
control limits of the X-bar and R charts.

X AND R CHART EXAMPLE


IN-CLASS EXERCISE
Sample
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Obs 1
10.68
10.79
10.78
10.59
10.69
10.75
10.79
10.74
10.77
10.72
10.79
10.62
10.66
10.81
10.66

Obs 2
10.689
10.86
10.667
10.727
10.708
10.714
10.713
10.779
10.773
10.671
10.821
10.802
10.822
10.749
10.681

Obs 3
10.776
10.601
10.838
10.812
10.79
10.738
10.689
10.11
10.641
10.708
10.764
10.818
10.893
10.859
10.644

Obs 4
10.798
10.746
10.785
10.775
10.758
10.719
10.877
10.737
10.644
10.85
10.658
10.872
10.544
10.801
10.747

Obs 5
10.714
10.779
10.723
10.73
10.671
10.606
10.603
10.75
10.725
10.712
10.708
10.727
10.75
10.701
10.728

1. Calculate sample means, sample


ranges, mean of means, and mean of
ranges.
Sample
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Obs 1
10.68
10.79
10.78
10.59
10.69
10.75
10.79
10.74
10.77
10.72
10.79
10.62
10.66
10.81
10.66

Obs 2
10.689
10.86
10.667
10.727
10.708
10.714
10.713
10.779
10.773
10.671
10.821
10.802
10.822
10.749
10.681

Obs 3
10.776
10.601
10.838
10.812
10.79
10.738
10.689
10.11
10.641
10.708
10.764
10.818
10.893
10.859
10.644

Obs 4
10.798
10.746
10.785
10.775
10.758
10.719
10.877
10.737
10.644
10.85
10.658
10.872
10.544
10.801
10.747

Obs 5
10.714
10.779
10.723
10.73
10.671
10.606
10.603
10.75
10.725
10.712
10.708
10.727
10.75
10.701
10.728
Averages

Avg
10.732
10.755
10.759
10.727
10.724
10.705
10.735
10.624
10.710
10.732
10.748
10.768
10.733
10.783
10.692

Range
0.116
0.259
0.171
0.221
0.119
0.143
0.274
0.669
0.132
0.179
0.163
0.250
0.349
0.158
0.103

10.728 0.220400

Example of x-bar and R charts: Step 2.


Determine Control Limit Formulas and
Necessary Tabled Values
x Chart Control Limits
UCL = x + A 2 R
LCL = x - A 2 R
R Chart Control Limits
UCL = D 4 R
LCL = D 3 R

n
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

A2
1.88
1.02
0.73
0.58
0.48
0.42
0.37
0.34
0.31
0.29

D3
0
0
0
0
0
0.08
0.14
0.18
0.22
0.26

D4
3.27
2.57
2.28
2.11
2.00
1.92
1.86
1.82
1.78
1.74

Steps 3&4. Calculate x-bar Chart


and Plot Values
UCL = x + A2 R 10.728 .58( 0.2204 )=10.856
LCL = x - A2 R 10.728-.58( 0.2204 )=10.601
10.900
10.850

Means

10.800
10.750
10.700

Sample
mean
UCL

10.650

LCL

10.600

grand
mean of x

10.550
1

Sample

10

11

12

13

14

15

Steps 5&6: Calculate R-chart and


Plot Values
UCL = D 4 R ( 2.11)( 0.2204 ) 0.46504
LCL = D 3 R ( 0)( 0.2204 ) 0
0.800
0.700
0.600
0.500

Range
UCL
LCL
R-bar

R 0.400
0.300
0.200
0.100
0.000
1

Sample

10 11 12 13 14 15